UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

(Mark One)

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                  to                

 

Commission File Number: 001-37685

 

 

 

https:||www.sec.gov|Archives|edgar|data|1624326|000149315218000795|image_001.jpg

PAVmed Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   47-1214177
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

 

One Grand Central Place
Suite 4600
New York, NY

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

10165

(Zip Code)

 

(212) 949-4319
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

  Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
  Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
  Series Z Warrants, each to purchase one share of Common Stock   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
  Series W Warrants, each to purchase one share of Common Stock   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of  “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]
    Emerging growth company [X]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

As of May 14, 2019 there were 31,376,627 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
     
Item 1 Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 1
     
  Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 1
     
  Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 2
     
  Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 3
   
  Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the year ended December 31, 2018 4
     
  Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 5
     
  Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 6
     
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 47
     
Item 4 Controls and Procedures 80
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 6 Exhibits 81
     
SIGNATURES 82

 

i
 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

PAVMED INC.

and SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
  (unaudited)     
Assets        
Current assets          
Cash  $4,190,445  $8,222,119 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   129,212    238,040 
Total current assets   4,319,657    8,460,159 
Equipment, net   35,852    36,271 
Total assets  $4,355,509   $8,496,430 
           
Liabilities, Preferred Stock, and Stockholders’ Deficit          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable  $1,385,831$   1,738,837 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   386,997    1,330,746 
Senior Secured Convertible Note at fair value - face value principal of $7,698,500 and $7,750,00 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   8,251,215    7,903,000 
Total liabilities  $10,024,043   $10,972,583 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 9)          
           
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)          
Preferred stock, par value $0.001, 20,000,000 shares authorized;          
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001, 1,091,354 and 1,069,941 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   2,096,041    2,031,845 
           
Common stock, par value $0.001; 75,000,000 shares authorized, 27,193,023 and 27,142,979 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   27,193    27,143 
           
Additional paid-in capital   33,025,961    32,619,282 
           
Accumulated deficit   (40,591,969)   (36,992,911)
Total PAVmed Inc. Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)   (5,442,774)   (2,314,641)
           
Noncontrolling interest   (225,760)   (161,512)
           
Total Stockholders’ equity (deficit)   (5,668,534)   (2,476,153)
           
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)  $4,355,509   $8,496,430 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1
 

 

PAVMED INC.

and SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Revenue  $   $ 
           
General and administrative expense   1,692,711    1,380,484 
Research and development expense   1,450,950    563,218 
Total operating expenses   3,143,661    1,943,702 
           
Loss from operations   (3,143,661)   (1,943,702)
           
Other income (expense)          
Interest expense - Senior Secured Note       (500,304)
           
Change in fair value - Senior Secured Convertible Note   (558,951)    
Debt extinguishment - Senior Secured Convertible Note   (1,001)    
           
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - incremental fair value - Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of Series A-1 Warrants       (349,796)
           
Change in fair value - Series A Warrants derivative liability       (96,480)
Change in fair value - Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability       64,913 
           
Other income (expense), net   (559,952)   (881,667)
           
Loss before provision for income tax   (3,703,613)   (2,825,369)
Provision for income taxes        
Net loss - before noncontrolling interest   (3,703,613)   (2,825,369)
           
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   168,751     
           
Net loss - attributable to PAVmed Inc.   (3,534,862)   (2,825,369)
           
Less: Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividends   (65,481)   (10,406)
Less: Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock dividends       (25,148)
Less: Series A Convertible Preferred Stock dividends       (26,487)
           
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - incremental fair value -          
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock       (726,531)
           
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - - incremental fair value -          
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock   —     199,241 
           
Net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders  $(3,600,343)  $(3,414,700)
           
Net loss per share - attributable to PAVmed Inc. - basic and diluted  $(0.13)  $(0.17)
Net loss per share - attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders - basic and diluted  $(0.13)  $(0.21)
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted   27,149,095    16,544,221 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

2
 

 

PAVMED INC.

and SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)

for the THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

 

   PAVmed Inc. Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)         
   Series B                         
   Convertible           Additional             
   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated   Noncontrolling     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Interest   Total 
                                 
Balance at December 31, 2018   1,069,941   $2,031,845    27,142,979   $27,143   $32,619,282   $(36,992,911)  $(161,512)  $(2,476,153)
                                         
Debt extinguishment - Senior Secured Convertible                                        
Note - issue shares of common stock           50,044    50    52,496            52,546 
                                         
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Dividends   21,413    64,196                (64,196)        
                                         
Stock-based compensation                   350,079            350,079 
                                         
Stock-based compensation - majority-owned subsidiary                   4,104        104,503    108,607 
                                         
Loss                      $(3,534,862)   (168,751)  $(3,703,613)
                                         
Balance as of March 31, 2019   1,091,354   $2,096,041    27,193,023   $27,193   $33,025,961   $(40,591,969)  $(225,760)  $(5,668,534)

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

 

PAVMED INC.

and SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN

SERIES A CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK and STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)

for the YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018

 

   PAVmed Inc. Stockholders         
           PAVmed Inc. Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)         
   Series A   Series B   Series A-1           Additional            
   Convertible   Convertible   Convertible           Paid-In   Accumulated   Noncontrolling     
   Preferred Stock   Preferred Stock   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Capital   Deficit   Interest   Total 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount                 
                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2017   249,667   $       $    357,259   $1,032,650    14,551,234   $14,551   $14,012,053   $(17,907,611)  $   $(2,848,357)
                                                             
Underwritten public offering of common stock, net of offering cost                                 2,649,818    2,650    4,272,011              4,274,661 
                                                             
Equity Subscription Rights Offering, net of offering cost                                 9,000,000    9,000    9,202,326              9,211,326 
                                                             
Debt extinguishment                                 600,000    600    549,840              550,440 
                                                             
Exercise - common stock purchase warrant, net of offering costs                                 308,602    309    20,604              20,913 
                                                             
Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018   (249,667)       975,568    1,707,244    (357,259)   (1,032,650)             1,406,640    (726,531)        1,354,703 
                                                             
Exchange Offer - April 5, 2018                                          766,456              766,456 
                                                             
Series Z Warrant Modification                                          1,140,995              1,140,995 
                                                             
Exchange Offer - UPOs                                           2,120              2,120 
                                                             
Common stock issued - conversion Series B Convertible Preferred Stock             (33,325)   (58,319)             33,325    33    58,286               
                                                             
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Dividends             127,698    382,920                             (382,920)         
                                                             
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Dividends                                                (7,099)        (7,099)
                                                             
Issue of common stock of majority-owned subsidiary                                                     1,812    1,812 
                                                             
Stock-based compensation                                           1,175,466              1,175,466 
                                                             
Stock-based compensation of majority-owned subsidiary                                           12,485         40,748    53,233 
                                                             
Net loss                                                (17,968,750)   (204,072)   (18,172,822)
                                                             
Balance at December 31, 2018      $    1,069,941   $2,031,845       $    27,142,979   $27,143   $32,619,282   $(36,992,911)  $(161,512)  $(2,476,153)

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

 

PAVMED INC.

and SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net loss - before noncontrolling interest (“NCI”)  $(3,703,613)  $(2,825,369)
           
Adjustments to reconcile net loss - before NCI to net cash used in operating activities          
Depreciation expense   3,267    1,803 
Stock-based compensation   458,686    271,286 
Interest expense accrued - Senior Secured Note       194,570 
Interest expense - amortization of debt discount - Senior Secured Note       305,733 
Change in fair value - Senior Secured Convertible Note   558,951     
Debt extinguishment - Senior Secured Convertible Note   1,001     
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018       349,796 
Change in fair value - Series A Warrants derivative liability       96,480 
Change in fair value - Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability       (64,913)
           
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   108,828    (25,366)
Accounts payable   (353,006)   (96,799)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   (943,749)   (407,124)
Net cash flows (used in) operating activities   (3,869,635)   (2,199,903)
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Purchase of equipment   (2,848)    
Net cash flows (used in) investing activities   (2,848)    
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Payment - Non-Installment Payments - Senior Secured Convertible Note   (159,191)    
Proceeds - issue of common stock in an underwritten public offering       4,388,099 
Payment - offering costs - underwritten public offering       (113,438)
Proceeds - issue of common stock upon exercise of warrants, net       20,913 
Net cash flows (used in) provided by financing activities   (159,191)   4,295,573 
           
Net (decrease) increase in cash  $(4,031,674)  $2,095,670 
Cash, beginning of period   8,222,119    1,535,022 
Cash, end of period  $4,190,445   $3,630,692 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

5
 

 

PAVMED INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 — The Company and Description of the Business

 

PAVmed Inc. (“PAVmed” or the “Company”) is a highly-differentiated multi-product technology medical device company organized to advance a broad pipeline of innovative medical technologies from concept to commercialization, employing a business model focused on capital efficiency and speed to market. The Company is focused on advancing its lead products towards regulatory approval and commercialization, protecting its intellectual property, and building its corporate infrastructure and management team. The Company operates in one segment as a medical device company.

 

On May 8, 2018, Lucid Diagnostics Inc., a majority-owned subsidiary of the Company, was incorporated in the State of Delaware, and on May 12, 2018, Lucid Diagnostics Inc. entered into a license agreement with Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”) with respect to the intellectual property and proprietary technologies referred to as EsoCheck™ and “EsoGuard™”, as more fully discussed in Note 7, Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights.

 

To date, the Company has not recognized revenue. The ability to generate revenue depends upon the Company’s ability to successfully complete the development, obtain regulatory approval, and to initiate commercialization of its product candidates. Currently, the Company’s activities are focused principally on obtaining FDA clearance and initializing commercialization of the lead product candidates, including CarpX™, EsoGuard™, EsoCheck™, and PortIO™, along with advancing additional product candidates through their respective research and development phase, including DisappEAR™ and NextFloTM. The Company plans to incur research and development expenses for the foreseeable future from the continued development of its current and future product candidates.

 

The Company has financed its operations principally through the issuances of its common stock, preferred stock, warrants, and debt, including: proceeds from private offerings of its common stock and common stock purchase warrants prior to the April 28, 2016 closing of its IPO; proceeds from the April 28, 2016 closing of the IPO; and, subsequent issue of shares of convertible preferred stock and common stock purchase warrants in private placements, the issue of shares of common stock of the Company and common stock purchase warrants under effective registration statements; and the issue of debt. See Note 12, Debt, Note 13, Preferred Stock, and Note 14, Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants, for further information with respect to the various financing transactions.

 

Collectively, PAVmed Inc. and Lucid Diagnostics Inc. have proprietary rights to the trademarks used herein, including, among others, PAVmed™, Lucid Diagnostics™, Caldus™, CarpX™, DisappEAR™, EsoCheck™, EsoGuard™, EsoCheck™ Cell Collection Device™, EsoCheck™ CCD™, EsoCheck™ Technology, NextCath™, NextFlo™, PortIO™, and “Innovating at the Speed of Life” ™, among others. Solely as a matter of convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to herein may or may not be accompanied with the requisite marks of “™” or “®”, however, the absence of such marks is not intended to indicate, in any way, each of PAVmed Inc. and /or Lucid Diagnostics Inc. will not assert, to the fullest extent possible under applicable law, its rights or the rights to such trademarks and trade names.

 

6
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company holds a majority ownership interest and has controlling financial interest in Lucid Diagnostics Inc., with the corresponding noncontrolling interest included as a separate component of consolidated stockholders’ equity, including the recognition in the consolidated statement of the net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest based on the minority ownership interest in Lucid Diagnostics Inc. See Note 14, Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants, for a discussion of the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary Lucid Diagnostics Inc. and the corresponding noncontrolling interest.

 

The condensed balance sheet as of December 31, 2018, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”), and applicable rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. As permitted under SEC rules, certain footnotes or other financial information normally required by U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted, and accordingly the balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 has been derived from audited consolidated financial statements at such date but does not include all of the information required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the Company’s annual financial statements and in the opinion of management, include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial information. Certain items have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

 

The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2019 or for any other interim period or for any other future periods. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related financial information should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make accounting estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include those related to the fair value of each of: debt obligations, common stock purchase warrants, and derivative liabilities, and stock-based compensation. Additional significant estimates includer research and development expenses, the provision or benefit for income taxes and the corresponding valuation allowance on deferred tax assets. In addition, management’s assessment of the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern involves the estimation of the amount and timing of future cash inflows and outflows. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, judgements, and methodologies. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making such judgements, assumptions, and accounting estimates, the actual financial statement results could differ materially from such accounting estimates and assumptions.

 

JOBS Act Accounting Election

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company” or “EGC”, as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). Under the JOBS Act, an EGC can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards issued subsequent to the enactment of the JOBS Act until such time as those standards apply to private companies. The Company has irrevocably elected to avail itself of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards, and, therefore, will not be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as public companies who are not an EGC.

 

Segment Data

 

The Company manages its operations as a single operating segment for the purposes of assessing performance and making operating decisions. No revenue has been generated since inception, and all tangible assets are held in the United States.

 

7
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - continued

 

Going Concern

 

The provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 205-40, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (ASC 205-40) requires management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date of the financial statements are issued. In each reporting period, including interim periods, an entity is required to assess conditions known and reasonably knowable as of the financial statement issuance date to determine whether it is probable an entity will not meet its financial obligations within one year from the financial statement issuance date. Substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern exists when conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, indicate it is probable the entity will be unable to meet its financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date the financial statements are issued.

 

The Company is an early stage and emerging growth company and is subject-to the corresponding risk of such companies. Since inception the Company has not generated any revenues and has incurred losses and negative cash flows from operating activities. The Company does not expect to generate positive cash flows from operating activities in the near future until it completes the development process and regulatory approvals of its products, and thereafter begins to commercialize and achieve substantial marketplace acceptance for its products.

 

The Company incurred a net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders of approximately $3.6 million and net cash flows used in operating activities of approximately $3.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $40.6 million and negative working capital of approximately $5.7 million, with such working capital inclusive of approximately $8.3 million of the estimated fair value of the Senior Secured Convertible Note classified as a current liability and approximately $4.2 million of cash.

 

The Company anticipates incurring operating losses and does not expect to experience positive cash flows from operating activities and may continue to incur operating losses for the next several years as it completes the development of its products, seeks regulatory approvals and clearances of such products, and begin to commercially market such products. These factors, which have existed since inception, are expected to continue, and raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.

 

The Company’s ability to fund its operations is dependent upon management’s plans, which include raising additional capital, refinance the debt upon maturity, obtaining regulatory approvals for its products currently under development, commercializing and generating revenues from products currently under development, and continuing to control expenses. However, there is no assurance the Company will be successful in these efforts.

 

A failure to raise sufficient capital, refinance the debt upon maturity, obtain regulatory approvals and clearances for the Company’s products, generate sufficient product revenues, or control expenditures, among other factors, will adversely impact the Company’s ability to meet its financial obligations as they become due and payable and to achieve its intended business objectives, and therefore, raises substantial doubt of the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.

 

The Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

8
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  - continued

 

Cash

 

The Company maintains its cash at a major financial institution with high credit quality. At times, the balance of its cash deposits may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced and does not anticipate any losses on deposits with commercial banks and financial institutions which exceed federally insured limits.

 

Equipment

 

Equipment is stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred. Upon sale or retirement of assets, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the balance sheet and resulting gain or loss, if any, is included in the consolidated statement of operations. The useful lives of equipment are as follows:

 

Research and development equipment   5 years
Computer equipment   3 years

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company evaluates its long-lived assets, including equipment, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of these assets is measured by comparison of the carrying amount of each asset to the future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition. If the asset is considered impaired, the amount of any impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying value and the fair value of the impaired assets. The Company has not recorded impairment of any long-lived assets in the periods presented.

 

Offering Costs

 

Offering costs consist of certain legal, accounting, and other advisory fees incurred related to the Company’s efforts to raise debt and equity capital. Offering costs in connection with equity financing are recognized as either an offset against the financing proceeds to extent the underlying security is equity classified or a current period expense to extent the underlying security is liability classified or for which the fair value option is elected. Except for debt for which the fair value option is elected, offering costs, lender fees, and warrants issued in connection with debt financing are recognized as debt discount, which reduces the reported carrying value of the debt, and amortized as interest expense, generally over the contractual term of the debt agreement, to result in a constant rate of interest. Offering costs associated with in-process capital financing are accounted for as deferred offering costs.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses are recognized as incurred and include the salary and stock-based compensation of employees engaged in product research and development activities, and the costs related to the Company’s various contract research service providers, suppliers, engineering studies, supplies, and outsourced testing and consulting, as well as rental costs for equipment and access to certain facilities of contract research service providers.

 

Patent Costs and Purchased Patent License Rights

 

Patent related costs in connection with filing and prosecuting patent applications and patents filed by the Company are expensed as incurred and are included in the line item captioned “general and administrative expenses” in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Patent fee reimbursement expense incurred under the patent license agreement agreements are included in the line item captioned “research and development expenses” in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The purchase of patent license rights for use in research and development activities, including product development, are expensed as incurred and are classified as research and development expense.

 

9
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - continued

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Stock-based awards are made to employees, members of its board of directors, and non-employees, under each of the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan and the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan. Stock-based awards to employees and members of the Company’s board of directors are accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation, (“ASC 718”) and stock-based awards to non-employees are accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 505-50, Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees (“ASC 505-50”). See herein below for a discussion of “ASU 2018-07” with respect to ASC 505-50 non-employee stock-based compensation.

 

The Company measures the compensation expense of stock-based awards granted to employees and members of its board of directors using the grant-date fair value of the award and recognizes compensation expense for stock-based awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period of the respective stock-based award.

 

The Company measures the expense of stock-based awards granted to non-employees on a vesting date basis, fixing the fair value of vested non-employee stock options as of their respective vesting date. The fair value of vested non-employee stock options is not subject-to-change at subsequent reporting dates. The estimated fair value of the unvested non-employee stock options is remeasured to then current fair value at each subsequent reporting date. The expense of non-employee stock options is recognized on a straight-line basis over the service period, which is generally the vesting period of the respective non-employee stock-based award.

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued its Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting” (“ASU 2018-07), which, upon the effective date, will result in non-employee stock-based compensation to be within the scope of ASC-718, and will supersede ASC 505-50. A principal change of the new guidance is to eliminate the ASC 505-50 required periodic fair value remeasure (“mark-to-market”) and use of the “contractual term” as an input to the Black-Scholes option pricing model to calculate the estimated fair value of stock options issued to non-employees, in favor of the ASC 718 one-time measurement of the grant date fair value and use of an “expected term” as such valuation input, for non-employee stock-based compensation expense, as is currently done for employee stock-based compensation expense.

 

The amended ASC-718 non-employee stock-based compensation provisions are effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within such fiscal year, and for all other companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than a company’s adoption of ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606). With respect to the Company and its majority-owned subsidiary, the amended ASC-718 non-employee stock-based compensation provisions are required to be adopted by no later than January 1, 2020, resulting from the Company’s “JOBS Act EGC Election” as discussed herein above. Additionally, the Company, under its “JOBS Act EGC Election”, adopted ASC 606 as of January 1, 2019, which is the required adoption date of ASC 606 for private companies. At this time, the Company and its majority-owned subsidiary continue to apply the guidance of ASC-505-50 with respect to non-employee stock-based compensation, subject-to the future adoption date of the amended ASC-718 provisions with respect to non-employee stock-based compensation.

 

10
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - continued

 

Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if those instruments or any embedded components of those instruments potentially qualify as derivatives required to be separately accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815). The accounting for warrants issued to purchase shares of common stock of the Company is based on the specific terms of the respective warrant agreement, and are generally classified as equity, but may be classified as a derivative liability if the warrant agreement provides required or potential full or partial cash settlement. A warrant classified as a derivative liability, or a bifurcated embedded conversion or settlement option classified as a derivative liability, is initially measured at its issue-date fair value, with such fair value subsequently adjusted at each reporting period, with the resulting fair value adjustment recognized as other income or expense. If upon the occurrence of an event resulting in the derivate liability being subsequently classified as equity or otherwise derecognized, the fair value of the derivative liability will be adjusted on such date-of-occurrence, with such date-of-occurrence fair value adjustment recognized as other income or expense, and then the derivative liability will be derecognized at such date-of-occurrence fair value.

 

FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, (ASC 820) defines fair value as the price which would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at a transaction measurement date. The ASC 820 three-tier fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies, as follows:

 

  Level 1 Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets.
     
  Level 2 Valuations based on observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets which are not active, or other inputs observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
     
  Level 3 Valuations based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants. These valuations require significant judgment.

 

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the carrying values of cash, accounts payable, and accrued expenses, approximate their respective fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments.

 

The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if those instruments or any potential embedded components of those instruments qualify as derivatives required to be separately accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815). Warrants are classified as either equity or a derivative liability depending on the specific terms of the respective warrant agreement. The Series A Warrants are accounted for as a derivative liability, as such warrants have an exercise price adjustment provision. Warrants containing a cash settlement provision are accounted for as a derivative liability. A warrant classified as a liability, or a bifurcated embedded derivative classified as a liability, is initially measured at its issue-date fair value, with such fair value subsequently adjusted at each reporting period, with the resulting adjustment recognized as other income or expense. If upon the occurrence of an event resulting in the warrant liability or the embedded derivative liability being subsequently classified as equity, the fair value will be adjusted on such date-of-occurrence, with such date-of-occurrence fair value adjustment recognized as other income or expense, and then it will be classified as equity at such date-of-occurrence adjusted fair value.

 

The Company accounts for the issued and outstanding Senior Secured Convertible Note under the “FVO election” of ASC 825, Financial Instruments, as discussed below. The Senior Secured Convertible Note is principally a debt financial instrument host containing embedded features and /or options which would otherwise be required to be bifurcated from the debt host and recognized as separate derivative liabilities subject to initial and subsequent periodic estimated fair value measurements under ASC 815. Notwithstanding, ASC 825-10-15-4 provides for the “fair value option (“FVO”), to the extent not otherwise prohibited by ASC 825-10-15-5, to be afforded to financial instruments, wherein the financial instrument is initially measured at its issue-date estimated fair value and subsequently remeasured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period date. Further, the estimated fair value adjustment, as required by ASC 825-10-45-5, is recognized as a component of other comprehensive income (“OCI”) with respect to the portion of the fair value adjustment attributed to a change in the instrument-specific credit risk, with the remaining amount of the fair value adjustment recognized as other income (expense) in the consolidated statement of operations. With respect to the Company, the “other income (expense) component” of the Senior Secured Convertible Note fair value adjustment is presented in a single line in the consolidated statement of operations, as provided for by ASC 825-10-50-30(b). See Note 11, Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements, and Note 12, Debt, for a further discussion of such FVO election and the Senior Secured Convertible Debt.

 

11
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - continued

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method, as required by FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, (ASC 740). Current tax liabilities or receivables are recognized for the amount of taxes estimated to be payable or refundable for the current year. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis, along with net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. See Note 6, Income Taxes, for a discussion of the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017”, enacted on December 22, 2017, which resulted in a change to future years’ statutory federal corporate tax rate applicable to taxable income. Changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded in the provision for income taxes.

 

Under ASC 740, a “more-likely-than-not” criterion is applied when assessing the estimated realization of deferred tax assets through their utilization to reduce future taxable income, or with respect to a deferred tax asset for tax credit carryforward, to reduce future tax expense. A valuation allowance is established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, when the assessment indicates it is more-likely-than-not, the full or partial amount of the net deferred tax asset will not be realized. As a result of the evaluation of the positive and negative evidence bearing upon the estimated realizability of net deferred tax assets, and based on a history of operating losses, it is more-likely-than-not the deferred tax assets will not be realized, and therefore a valuation allowance reserve equal to the full amount of the deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, has been recognized as a charge to income tax expense as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

The Company recognizes the benefit of an uncertain tax position it has taken or expects to take on its income tax return if such a position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities, with the tax benefit recognized being the largest amount having a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. As of March 31, 2019 the Company does not have any unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions.

 

The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties related to income taxes as part of its income tax provision. There were no amounts accrued for penalties or interest as of March 31, 2019 and December 30, 2018 or recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. The Company is not aware of any issues under review to potentially result in significant payments, accruals, or material deviations from its position.

 

Net Loss Per Share

 

The net loss per share is computed by dividing each of the respective net loss by the number of “basic weighted average common shares outstanding” and diluted weighted average shares outstanding” for the reporting period indicated. The basic weighted-average shares common shares outstanding are computed on a weighted average based on the number of days the shares of common stock of the Company are issued and outstanding during the respective reporting period indicated. The diluted weighted average common shares outstanding are the sum of the basic weighted-average common shares outstanding plus the number of common stock equivalents’ incremental shares on an if-converted basis, computed using the treasury stock method, computed on a weighted average based on the number of days potentially issued and outstanding during the period indicated, if dilutive. The Company’s common stock equivalents include: stock options, unit purchase options, convertible preferred stock, and common stock purchase warrants.

 

Notwithstanding, as the Company has a net loss for each reporting period presented, each of the basic and diluted net loss per share for each period presented is computed using only the basic weighted average common shares outstanding for each respective reporting period, as the inclusion of common stock equivalents incremental shares would be anti-dilutive.

 

Accordingly, as presented in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations, basic weighted average common shares outstanding are used to compute the basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to PAVmed Inc. and the basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders, for each reporting period presented.

 

12
 

 

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - continued

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurement. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those annual periods, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of this guidance on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) - Part I - Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down-Round Features, and Part II - Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception. Principally, ASU 2017-11 amendments simplify the accounting for certain financial instruments with down-round features. The amendments require companies to disregard the down-round feature when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to its own stock, for purposes of determining liability or equity classification. Companies that provide earnings per share (EPS) data will adjust their basic EPS calculation for the effect of the down-round feature when triggered (i.e., when the exercise price of the related equity-linked financial instrument is adjusted downward because of the down-round feature) and will also recognize the effect of the trigger within equity. Additionally, ASU 2017-11 also addresses “navigational concerns” within the FASB ASC related to an indefinite deferral available to private companies with mandatorily redeemable financial instruments and certain noncontrolling interests, which has resulted in the existence of significant “pending content” in the ASC. The FASB decided to reclassify the indefinite deferral as a scope exception, which does not have an accounting effect. The guidance of ASU 2017-11 is effective for public business entities, as defined in the ASC Master Glossary, for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and for all other entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Earlier adoption is permitted for all entities as of the beginning of an interim period for which financial statements (interim or annual) have not been issued or have not been made available for issuance. The Company is evaluating the impact of this guidance on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which amends the guidance of FASB ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations (ASC 805) adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (disposals) of assets or businesses. The objective of ASU 2017-01 is to narrow the definition of what qualifies as a business under Topic 805 and to provide guidance for streamlining the analysis required to assess whether a transaction involves the acquisition (disposal) of a business. ASU 2017-01 provides a screen to assess when a set of assets and processes do not qualify as a business under Topic 805, reducing the number of transactions required to be considered as possible business acquisitions. ASU 2017-01 also narrows the definition of output under Topic 805 to make it consistent with the description of outputs under Topic 606. The guidance of ASU 2017-01 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years and early adoption is permitted under certain circumstances. The adoption of this guidance as of January 1, 2018 did not have an effect on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model requiring a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and a lease liability for all leases with terms greater-than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods with those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company adoption of ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019 did not have a significant effect on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

13
 

 

Note 3 — Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following as of:

 

   March 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Security deposits  $14,250   $14,250 
Advanced payments to service providers and suppliers   97,882    223,790 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets  $129,212   $238,040 

 

Note 4 — Equipment, Net

 

   March 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Research and development equipment  $40,380   $40,380 
Computer equipment   19,432    16,584 
Equipment, gross   59,812    56,964 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (23,960)   (20,693)
Equipment, net  $35,852   $36,271 

 

The purchases of research and development equipment include $3,261 of such purchases included in accounts payable as of December 31, 2018 in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. Depreciation expense recognized was $3,267 and $1,803 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Note 5 — Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following as of:

 

   March 31, 2018   December 31, 2018 
Bonus  $57,700   $873,621 
Payroll       145,937 
Vacation   65,654    38,763 
License agreement fee   222,553    222,553 
Operating expenses   41,090    49,872 
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities  $386,997   $1,330,746 

 

The accrued bonus as of March 31, 2019 represents the estimated amount recognized on a pro rata basis during 2019 of the guaranteed bonus payment to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) under the CEO Employment Agreement. At December 31, 2018, the accrued bonus represents the guaranteed bonus payment to the CEO and discretionary bonus payments to the CEO and other employees.

 

The accrued payroll at December 31, 2018 represents earned but unpaid salary payable to the Company’s CEO for the period July 1, 2017 to January 31, 2018, under the terms of the previous Senior Secured Note, wherein, the CEO agreed to the payment of a reduced salary until the Senior Secured Note debt was repaid-in-full. The accrued CEO payroll was subsequently paid in January 2019 upon the Senior Secured Note being repaid-in-full on December 27, 2018 concurrent with the issue of the Senior Secured Convertible Note. See Note 12 — Debt, for a discussion of each of the “Senior Secured Convertible Note” and the “Senior Secured Note”.

 

The accrued license agreement fee as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is the remaining unpaid balance of the license fee incurred in connection with the CWRU License Agreement, as discussed in Note 7, Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights.

 

14
 

 

Note 6 — Income Taxes

 

In the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company recognized a deferred tax benefit which was offset fully by a corresponding valuation allowance.

 

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities resulting from temporary differences are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of the change in the tax rate is recognized as income or expense in the period the change in tax rate is enacted. As discussed below, the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” enacted in December 2017 resulted in a change to future years’ statutory federal corporate tax rate applicable to taxable income. Changes in deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are recorded in the provision for income taxes.

 

The “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (Public Law No. 115-97), enacted on December 22, 2017, is a comprehensive revision to federal tax law which makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, including, but not limited to, reducing the U.S. federal corporate tax rate to 21% from 35%, eliminating the corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT), and changing how existing AMT credits can be realized; creating a new limitation on deductible interest expense; changing rules related to uses and limitations of net operating loss carryforwards created in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017; and limitations on the deductibility of certain executive compensation.

 

As required by FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes”, (“ASC 740), a “more-likely-than-not” criterion is applied when assessing the estimated realization of deferred tax assets through their utilization to reduce future taxable income, or with respect to a deferred tax asset for tax credit carryforward, to reduce future tax expense. A valuation allowance is established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, when the assessment indicates it is more-likely-than-not, the full or partial amount of the net deferred tax asset will not be realized. Accordingly, the Company evaluated the positive and negative evidence bearing upon the estimated realizability of the net deferred tax assets, and based on the Company’s history of operating losses, concluded it is more-likely-than-not the deferred tax assets will not be realized, and therefore recognized a valuation allowance reserve equal to the full amount of the deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

The Company files income tax returns in the United States in federal and applicable state and local jurisdictions. The Company’s tax filings for the years 2015 and thereafter each remain subject to examination by taxing authorities. The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties related to income taxes as part of its income tax provision. The Company has not recognized any penalties or interest related to its income tax provision.

 

15
 

 

Note 7 — Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights

 

Patent License Agreement - Case Western Reserve University

 

On May 12, 2018, Lucid Diagnostics Inc., a majority-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a patent license agreement with Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”), for the exclusive worldwide license of the intellectual property rights for two distinct proprietary technologies, referred to as “EsoCheck™”, a cell sample collection device, and EsoGuard™, a panel of methylated DNA biomarkers - the “CWRU License Agreement”.

 

The CWRU License Agreement provides for the exclusive worldwide license of the intellectual property rights for two distinct proprietary technologies: “EsoCheck™”, a cell sample collection device, and EsoGuard™, a panel of methylated DNA biomarkers. As used herein, EsoCheck™ and EsoGuard™ are collectively referred to as the “EsoGuard™ Technology”.

 

Under the CWRU License Agreement, Lucid Diagnostics Inc. recognized an accrued license fee of approximately $273,000, including an initial payment of $50,000, and subsequent quarterly payments of $50,000 until such fee is paid-in-full, provided, however, the commencement of the quarterly payments is subject to Lucid Diagnostics Inc. consummation of a bona fide financing with an unrelated third-party in excess of $500,000. In this regard, the remaining balance of the CWRU License Agreement is unpaid and has been recognized as an accrued expense liability as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

The CWRU License Agreement fee was recognized on the May 12, 2018 effective date as a current period research and development expense, with the remaining unpaid balance included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. The CWRU License Agreement was determined not to meet the “business combination” criteria under FASB ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), as such license agreement did not meet the ASC 805 definition of a business, as the transaction resulted in an intangible asset of acquired intellectual property rights only, and the Company did not acquire any employees or tangible assets, or any processes, protocols, or operating systems. Accordingly, the transaction was determined to be to be an asset acquisition under ASC 805. Further, as noted, the cost of the acquired intellectual property rights were recognized as a current period research and development expense, as required under FASB ASC Topic 730, Research and Development (ASC 730), as the acquired intellectual property rights were purchased from others for use in a research and development activity, and for which there are no alternative future uses.

 

The CWRU License Agreement also provides for potential payments upon the achievement of certain product development and regulatory clearance milestones. If Lucid Diagnostics Inc. does not meet certain milestones listed in the CWRU License Agreement, then CWRU has the right, in its sole discretion, to require the Company to transfer to CWRU a percentage, varying up to 100%, of the shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. held by the Company. Lucid Diagnostics Inc. will also be required to pay a minimum annual royalty commencing the year after the first commercial sale of products resulting from the commercialization of the licensed intellectual property, with the minimum amount rising based on net sales of such product(s), if any. Such contingent milestone and /or royalty payments, if any, will be recognized in the period in which such payment obligations are incurred. Reimbursement of patent fees under the CWRU License Agreement of approximately $31,000 were recognized as research and development expense in three months ended March 31, 2019. There were no such expenses in the corresponding period of the prior year.

 

The CWRU License Agreement terminates upon the expiration of certain related patents, or on May 12, 2038 in countries where no such patents exist, or upon expiration of any exclusive marketing rights granted by the FDA or other U.S. government agency, whichever comes later.

 

The three physician inventors of the licensed intellectual property, each entered into consulting agreements with Lucid Diagnostics Inc. to support its continued development. In addition to cash compensation based on a contractual rate per hour, additional compensation under each such consulting agreement included the grant of stock options to each individual under each of the PAVmed Inc 2014 Long-Term Incentive Plan and the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan. See Note 10, Stock-Based Compensation, for information regarding each of the “PAVmed Inc. 2014 Long-Term Incentive Plan” and the separate “Lucid Diagnostics Inc 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan”, with respect to the stock options granted as discussed above.

 

See Note 14, Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants, for a discussion of the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary Lucid Diagnostics Inc. and the corresponding noncontrolling interest.

 

16
 

 

Note 7 — Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights - continued

 

Patent License Agreement - Case Western Reserve University - (continued)

 

In June 2018, Lucid Diagnostics Inc. entered into a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) agreement with an unrelated third-party for the supply of the “EsoCheck™” cell sample collection device, principally for use in research and development activities - referred to herein as the “EsoCheck™ Supply Agreement”. The EsoCheck™ Supply Agreement contains a firm price per unit, and a contractual minimum unit purchase quantity, is cancellable with 10 day notice, among other routine and customary provisions. With respect to the contractual minimum unit purchase quantity, if Lucid Diagnostics Inc. terminates the EsoCheck™ Supply Agreement without “good reason”, as defined, prior to placing purchase orders for 5,000 units, then Lucid Diagnostics Inc. will make a single one-time $50,000 payment to the unrelated third-party CDMO. The minimum quantity contingent payment, if any, will be recognized as a current period expense if and when such payment obligation is incurred. Further, in June 2018 Lucid Diagnostics Inc. entered into a separate consulting agreement with the unrelated third-party owner of the CDMO, with the sole compensation under such consulting agreement being the grant of stock options under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan. See Note 10, Stock-Based Compensation, for information regarding the separate “Lucid Diagnostics Inc 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan”.

 

Patent License Agreement - Tufts University - Antimicrobial Resorbable Ear Tubes

 

In November 2016, the Company executed a Patent License Agreement (the “Tufts Patent License Agreement”) with Tufts University and its co-owners, the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Massachusetts General Hospital (the “Licensors”). Pursuant to the Tufts Patent License Agreement, the Licensors granted the Company the exclusive right and license to certain patents in connection with the development and commercialization of antimicrobial resorbable ear tubes based on a proprietary aqueous silk technology conceived and developed by the Licensors.

 

Upon execution of the Tufts Patent License Agreement, the Company paid the Licensors an upfront non-refundable fee of $50,000, with such fee recognized as of the transaction date as a current period research and development expense in the statement of operations. The Tufts Patent License Agreement was determined to be an asset acquisition under the criteria under FASB ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), as it did not meet the ASC 805 definition of a business, as the transaction resulted in an intangible asset of acquired intellectual property rights only, and the Company did not acquire any employees or tangible assets, or any processes, protocols, or operating systems. Further, the cost of the acquired intellectual property rights were recognized as a current period research and development expense, as required under ASC Topic 730, Research and Development (ASC 730), as the acquired intellectual property rights were purchased from others for use in a research and development activity, and for which there are no alternative future uses.

 

The Tufts Patent License Agreement also provides for potential payments from the Company to the Licensors upon the achievement of certain product development and regulatory clearance milestones as well as royalty payments on net sales upon the commercialization of products developed utilizing the licensed patents. The Company will recognize as a current period expense for contingent milestone payments or royalties in the period in which such payment obligations are incurred, if any. Reimbursement of patent fees under the Tufts Patent License Agreement of approximately $3,900 and $36,000 were recognized as research and development expense in each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

17
 

 

Note 8 — Related Party Transactions

 

Effective October 31, 2018, a management services agreement with HCP/Advisors LLC, an affiliate of a former director of the Company, expired and was not renewed by the Company. The Company incurred an expense of $75,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2018, with such fees included in “general and administrative expenses” in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. As noted, the agreement expired and was not renewed, and accordingly, there are no such fees incurred in the corresponding current year period.

 

Note 9 — Commitments and Contingencies

 

Lease

 

The Company’s corporate office lease is on a month-to-month basis, with a 5% per annum increase in the monthly lease payment effective February 1 of each year, and the lease agreement may be cancelled with three months written notice. Total rent expense incurred under the corporate office space lease arrangement was approximately $32,500 and $31,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s future minimum lease payments for the corporate office lease on a month-to-month basis are estimated to be approximately $133,000 for the period April 1, 2019 to March 31, 2020.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

The Company executed a “Settlement Agreement & Mutual Releases”, dated December 12, 2018, resulting in the Company making a settlement payment of $136,606, inclusive of plaintiff’s legal fees of $11,006, to a former financial advisor to the Company. Previously, on July 2, 2018, such former financial advisor filed a complaint in New York State court of a claim of breach of contract based on the Company’s purported failure to pay certain compensation claimed by the former financial advisor and seeking monetary damages to be determined at trial of not less than $125,400.

 

In the ordinary course of our business, particularly as we begin commercialization of our products, the Company may be subject to certain other legal actions and claims, including product liability, consumer, commercial, tax and governmental matters, which may arise from time to time. Except as otherwise noted herein, the Company does not believe it is currently a party to any other pending legal proceedings. Notwithstanding, legal proceedings are subject-to inherent uncertainties, and an unfavorable outcome could include monetary damages, and excessive verdicts can result from litigation, and as such, could result in a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations, and /or cash flows. Additionally, although the Company has specific insurance for certain potential risks, the Company may in the future incur judgments or enter into settlements of claims which may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations, and /or cash flows.

 

Employment Agreements

 

The Company has entered into employment agreements with each of: Dr. Lishan Aklog, M.D., Chief Executive Officer, with an annual base salary of $431,000, effective as of March 15, 2019; Dennis M. McGrath, President and Chief Financial Officer, with an annual base salary of $345,000, effective March 15, 2019; and, Dr. Brian J. deGuzman, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, with an annual base salary of $305,000, effective July 1, 2016. In addition to the annual base salary, Dr. Aklog’s employment agreement provides additional compensation with respect to the payment of certain transportation and membership fees. The respective employment agreements with each of Dr. Aklog and Mr. McGrath have an initial term of 3 years, with an automatic renewal of one year, unless terminated earlier, generally with a sixty notice requirement or thirty days for termination for cause, as defined, and the employment agreement with Dr. deGuzman has an expiration date of June 30, 2021.

 

Upon termination without cause by the Company or voluntarily on the part of Dr. Aklog or Mr. McGrath for good reason, as defined, each may receive severance payments equal to 100% of base salary for twelve months, a pro-rata bonus for the year of termination, and up to twelve months of Company provided health insurance benefits. If termination occurs as a result of a change of control, as defined, then the base salary severance would be for twenty-four months. Under the terms of the employment agreement with Dr. deGuzman, if the Company terminates employment without cause, or if Dr. deGuzman terminates his employment with the Company for good reason, each as defined in the employment agreement, then, Dr. deGuzman may receive 100% of the base salary in effect at the time of the employment termination from the initial date of employment termination through the expiration date of the employment agreement. The contingent severance compensation payment(s) obligations under each respective employment agreement, if any, will be recognized as a current period expense if and when such payment obligation is incurred.

 

18
 

 

Note 10 — Stock-Based Compensation

 

PAVmed Inc. 2014 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan

 

The PAVmed Inc. 2014 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan (the “PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan”), adopted by the Company’s board of directors and stockholders in November 2014, is designed to enable the Company to offer employees, officers, directors, and consultants, as defined, an opportunity to acquire a proprietary interest in the Company. The PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan provides for the granting of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, and other stock-based awards subject to limitations under applicable law. All awards under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan are subject to approval by the compensation committee of the Company’s board of directors. Stock options and restricted stock awards are issued and outstanding under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan.

 

A total of 5,951,081 shares of common stock of PAVmed Inc. are reserved for issuance under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, with 674,795 shares available for grant as of March 31, 2019, exclusive of 500,854 PAVmed Inc. stock options previously granted outside the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan.

 

PAVmed Inc 2014 Equity Plan - Stock Options

 

       Weighted     
   Number   Average   Aggregate 
   Stock   Exercise   Intrinsic 
PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan - Stock Options  Options   Price   Value 
Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2018   3,327,140   $4.40      
Granted   1,750,000   $1.00      
Exercised      $      
Forfeited      $      
Outstanding stock options at March 31, 2019   5,077,140   $2.76   $181,500 
Vested and exercisable stock options at March 31, 2019   2,315,062   $4.10   $15,667 
Unvested stock options at March 31, 2019   2,762,078   $1.64   $165,833 
                
Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2017   1,936,924   $5.19      
Granted   1,585,324   $2.01      
Exercised      $      
Forfeited   (195,108)  $5.00      
Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2018   3,327,140   $3.68   $ 
Vested and exercisable stock options at December 31, 2018   1,620,310   $4.40   $ 
Unvested stock options at December 31, 2018   1,656,830   $2.73   $ 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value is computed as the difference between the quoted price of the PAVmed Inc. common stock on each of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and the exercise price of the underlying PAVmed Inc. stock options, to the extent such quoted price is greater than the exercise price.

 

As noted above, during the three months ended March 31, 2019, an aggregate of 1,750,000 stock options were granted under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, inclusive of 800,000 stock options granted to non-executive members of the Company’s board of directors and 950,000 stock options granted to employees and an executive member of the Company’s board of directors, each with a grant date of March 7, 2019, an exercise price of $1.00 per share of PAVmed Inc common stock, vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing March 31, 2019 and ending December 31, 2021, and a ten year contractual term from date-of-grant.

 

As noted above, during the year ended December 31, 2018, an aggregate of 1,585,324 stock options were granted under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, each with a ten year contractual term from date-of-grant, including:

 

January 2018 - 175,000 PAVmed Inc. stock options were granted to a new hire employee, having an exercise price of $2.96 per share of common stock of PAVmed Inc. and vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing March 31, 2018 and ending December 31, 2020;
  
February 2018 - a total of 400,000 PAVmed Inc. stock options were granted to non-executive members of the Company’s board of directors, and a total of 690,216 PAVmed Inc. stock options were granted to employees and an executive member of the Company’s board of directors, each having an exercise price of $2.01 per share of common stock of PAVmed Inc. and vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing March 31, 2018 and ending December 31, 2020; and,
  
May 2018 - a total of 75,000 PAVmed Inc. stock options were granted, including 25,000 stock options granted to each of the three non-employee physician inventors of the intellectual property underlying the CWRU License Agreement under each of their respective consulting agreements with Lucid Diagnostics Inc., having an exercise price of $1.59 per share of common stock of PAVmed Inc. and vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing June 30, 2018 and ending March 31, 2021. See Note 7, Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights, for a discussion of the CWRU License Agreement between Lucid Diagnostics Inc. and Case Western Reserve University and the consulting agreements between the three individual physicians and Lucid Diagnostics Inc.

 

19
 

 

Note 10 — Stock-Based Compensation - continued

 

PAVmed Inc. 2014 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan - continued

 

PAVmed Inc 2014 Equity Plan - Stock Options - continued

 

July 2018 - 195,108 PAVmed Inc. stock options were granted to a new hire employee, having an exercise price of $1.58 per share of common stock of PAVmed Inc. and vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing September 30, 2018 and ending June 30, 2021.
  
November 2018 - 50,000 PAVmed Inc. stock options were granted to a new hire employee having an exercise price of $0.97 per share of common stock of PAVmed Inc. and vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing December 31, 2018 and ending September 30, 2021.

 

In February 2018, a total of 195,108 stock options, previously granted under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, were forfeited in connection with the resignation of two members from the Company’s board of directors.

 

As of March 31, 2019, the weighted average remaining contractual term of outstanding stock options was 8.7 years for stock options outstanding and 7.7 years for stock options vested and exercisable, under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan.

 

PAVmed Inc 2014 Equity Plan - Restricted Stock Awards

 

On March 15, 2019, a total of 700,000 restricted stock awards were granted to employees under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, representing a corresponding number of shares of common stock of the Company, which vest ratably on an annual basis, commencing March 15, 2020 and ending March 15, 2022. The restricted stock awards are subject to forfeiture if the requisite service period is not completed.

 

The restricted stock awards were measured at their grant date fair value, which is the grant date closing price of the underlying common stock of the Company. The 700,000 restricted stock awards granted on March 15, 2019 had an aggregate fair value of $742,000, with such stock-based compensation expense recognized ratably over the requisite service period, which is the vesting period, commencing on the March 15, 2019 grant date. There were no vested restricted stock awards as of March 31, 2019.

 

20
 

 

Note 10 — Stock-Based Compensation (continued)

 

Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan

 

The Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan (the “Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan”) became effective on May 12, 2018 and is separate and apart from the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan discussed above. The Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan is designed to enable Lucid Diagnostics Inc. to offer employees, officers, directors, and consultants, as defined, an opportunity to acquire shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. The Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan provides for the granting of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, and other stock-based awards subject to limitations under applicable law. All awards are subject to approval by the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. board of directors. Stock options are issued and outstanding under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan.

 

Lucid Diagnostics Inc 2018 Equity Plan - Stock Options

 

       Weighted 
   Number   Average 
   Stock   Exercise 
Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan - Stock Options  Options   Price 
Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2018   375,000   $0.60 
Granted   300,000   $1.00 
Exercised      $ 
Forfeited      $  
Outstanding stock options at March 31, 2019   675,000   $0.78 
Vested and exercisable stock options at March 31, 2019   327,083   $0.85 
Unvested stock options at March 31, 2019   347,917   $0.71 
           
Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2017      $ 
Granted   375,000   $0.60 
Exercised      $ 
Forfeited      $  
Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2018   375,000   $0.60 
Vested and exercisable stock options at December 31, 2018   87,500   $0.57 
Unvested stock options at December 31, 2018   287,500   $0.61 

 

As noted above, during the three months ended March 31, 2019, 300,000 Lucid Diagnostics Inc. stock options were granted under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan to an employee of PAVmed Inc., with a grant date of February 18, 2019, an exercise price of $1.00 per share of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc., and with 200,000 such stock options vesting immediately upon grant, and 100,000 of such stock options vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing March 31, 2019 and ending December 31, 2021, and having a ten year contractual term from date-of-grant.

 

As noted above, during the year ended December 31, 2018, an aggregate of 375,000 Lucid Diagnostics Inc. stock options were granted under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan, each with a ten year contractual term from date-of-grant, including:

 

May 2018 - under their respective consulting agreements with Lucid Diagnostics Inc., each of the three non-employee physician inventors of the “EsoCheck™” and “EsoGuard™” intellectual property underlying the CWRU License Agreement were granted 100,000 stock options under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan to purchase shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. at an exercise price of $0.50 per share of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc., with such stock options vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing June 30, 2018 and ending March 31, 2021. See Note 7, Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights, for a discussion of the license agreement between Lucid Diagnostics Inc. and Case Western Reserve University; and the consulting agreements between the three individual physicians and Lucid Diagnostics Inc; and,

 

June 2018 - under a consulting agreement between Lucid Diagnostics Inc., as sole compensation under such consulting agreement, the unrelated third party owner of the manufacturing firm of the “EsoCheck™ Device CDMO Supply Agreement”, was granted 75,000 stock options under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan to purchase shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. at an exercise price of $1.00 per share of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc., with such stock options vesting ratably on a quarterly basis commencing September 30, 2018 and ending June 30, 2021. See Note 7, Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights, for a discussion of each of the separate consulting agreement and the EsoCheck™ Device CDMO Supply Agreement.

 

As of March 31, 2019, the weighted average remaining contractual term was 9.5 years for stock options outstanding and 9.6 years for stock options vested and exercisable, under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan.

 

A total of 2,000,000 shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. are reserved for issuance under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan, with 1,325,000 shares available for grant as of March 31, 2019.

 

21
 

 

Note 10 — Stock-Based Compensation (continued)

 

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

 

Consolidated stock-based compensation expense recognized for both the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan and the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan, with respect to stock options and restricted stock awards, for the periods indicated, was as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
General and administrative expenses  $284,663   $219,394 
Research and development expenses   174,023    51,892 
Total  $458,686   $271,680 

 

The stock-based compensation expense related to stock options granted to employees and directors is based on the grant-date fair value, and for stock options granted to non-employees is based on the vesting date fair value, with the expense recognized on a straight-line basis over the award’s requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period.

 

Stock-based compensation recognized by Lucid Diagnostics Inc. included $4,104 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 with respect to stock options granted under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan to non-employees providing services to Lucid Diagnostics Inc., and $104,503 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 with respect to stock options granted under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan to a PAVmed Inc employee and to non-employees, each providing services to Lucid Diagnostics Inc. - with each such stock based compensation expense included in consolidated research and development expense as presented above. There was no such Lucid Diagnostics Inc. stock-based compensation expense recognized for the corresponding prior year period.

 

As of March 31, 2019, under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense of approximately $1.9 million is expected to be recognized over the weighted average remaining requisite service period of 1.6 years with respect to stock options, and, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense of approximately $0.7 million is expected to be recognized over the weighted average remaining requisite service period of 2.9 years with respect to restricted stock awards; and, under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense of approximately $0.2 million is expected to be recognized over the weighted average remaining requisite service period of 2.3 years with respect to stock options.

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes valuation model to estimate the fair value of stock options granted under both the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan and the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan, which requires the Company to make certain estimates and assumptions, with the weighted-average valuation assumptions for stock-based awards, as follows: weighted-average risk-free interest rate is based on the interest rate payable on U.S. Treasury securities in effect at the time of grant for a period commensurate with the assumed expected option term; expected term of stock options represents the period of time stock options are expected to be outstanding, which for employees is the expected term derived using the simplified method and for non-employees is the contractual term; expected stock price volatility is based on historical stock price volatilities of similar entities within the Company’s industry over the period commensurate with the expected term of the stock option; and, expected dividend yield is based on annual dividends of $0.00 as the Company has not historically paid, and does not expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.

 

22
 

 

Note 10 — Stock-Based Compensation - continued

 

Stock-Based Compensation Expense - continued

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized for stock options granted to employees and members of the board of directors under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan was based on a weighted average fair value of $0.93 per share and $1.23 per share, during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, calculated using the following weighted average Black-Scholes valuation model assumptions:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,
   2019  2018
Risk free interest rate   2.3%   2.0%
Expected term of stock options (in years)   5.7    5.8 
Expected stock price volatility   50%   50%
Expected dividend yield   0%   0%

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized for stock options granted to non-employees under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan was based on a weighted average fair value of $1.99 per share and $2.59 per share, during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, calculated using the following weighted average Black-Scholes valuation model assumptions:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,
   2019  2018
Risk free interest rate   2.4%   2.3%
Expected term of stock options (in years)   8.6    8.2 
Expected stock price volatility   60%   60%
Expected dividend yield   0%   0%

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized for stock options granted to employees under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan was based on a fair value of $0.39 per share, calculated using the Black-Scholes valuation model assumptions of a risk free rate of 2.5%, an expected term of 5.8 years, an expected stock price volatility of 63%, and an expected dividend yield of 0%.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized for stock options granted to non-employees under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan was based on a weighted average fair value of $0.57 per share during the three months ended March 31, 2019, calculated using the following weighted average Black-Scholes valuation model assumptions:

 

   Three Months Ended
   March 31, 2019
Risk free interest rate   2.5%
Expected term of stock options (in years)   9.3 
Expected stock price volatility   62%
Expected dividend yield   0%

 

There was no such Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan stock-based compensation expense for the corresponding prior year period.

 

23
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements

 

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

 

The fair value hierarchy table for the periods indicated is as follows:

 

   Fair Value Measurement on a Recurring Basis at Reporting Date Using(1) 
   Level-1   Level-2   Level-3     
   Inputs   Inputs   Inputs   Total 
March 31, 2019                    
Senior Secured Convertible Note  $   $   $8,251,215   $8,251,215 
Totals  $   $   $8,251,215   $8,251,215 
                     
December 31, 2018                    
Senior Secured Convertible Note  $   $   $7,903,000   $7,903,000 
Totals  $   $   $7,903,000   $7,903,000 

 

(1)As noted above, as presented in the fair value hierarchy table, Level-1 represents quoted prices in active markets for identical items, Level-2 represents significant other observable inputs, and Level-3 represents significant unobservable inputs.

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note

 

In a private placement transaction on December 27, 2018 with an institutional investor - referred to as “Investor”, “Lender”, and /or “Holder” - the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement under which it issued a Senior Secured Convertible Note Agreement, with such agreement having an issue date of December 27, 2018, a contractual maturity date of December 31, 2020, a face value principal of $7.75 million, and a stated interest rate of 7.875% per annum - the “Senior Convertible Note”. At the election of the Holder, the Senior Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock of the Company. The Senior Convertible Note proceeds were $7.0 million after payment of $750,000 of lender fees.

 

The Senior Convertible Note requires bi-monthly payments on the 15th calendar day and the last trading day of the month, commencing January 15, 2019 and ending December 31, 2020. The bi-monthly payments include a contractually stated face value principal repayment, referred to as an Installment Amount, and a payment based on the outstanding face value principal and the 7.875% annual interest rate, or an 18% annual interest rate in the Event of Default, as defined in the Senior Secured Convertible Note Agreement, referred to herein as a non-installment payment. The bi-monthly payments of January 15, 2019 through June 15, 2019 are non-installment payments only, and the bi-monthly payments commencing June 28, 2019 through December 31, 2020 include both the Installment Amount and the non-installment payment. See Note 12, Debt, for further information with respect to the Senior Secured Convertible Note.

 

The Senior Convertible Note is principally a debt financial instrument host containing embedded features and /or options which would otherwise be required to be bifurcated from the debt host and recognized as separate derivative liabilities subject to initial and subsequent periodic estimated fair value measurements under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. Notwithstanding, the Senior Convertible Note is being afforded the guidance of the “fair value option (“FVO”) of ASC 825, Financial Instruments, specifically, the FVO election provided for under ASC 825-10-15-4. As such, the Senior Convertible Note is initially measured at its December 27, 2018 issue-date estimated fair value and subsequently remeasured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period date, with changes in estimated fair value recognized as current period income or expense.

 

The Senior Convertible Note estimated fair value as of the December 27, 2018 issue date is as follows:

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - Issue Date - December 27, 2018  Fair Value 
Face value principal payable - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,750,000 
Lender fees paid - issue date December 27, 2018   (750,000)
Proceeds, net - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,000,000 
Fair value adjustment - December 27, 2018   750,000 
Fair value - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,750,000 

 

24
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - continued

 

The Senior Convertible Note estimated fair value, changes in fair value, face value principal payable, and changes in face value principal payable, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, is as follows:

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - March 31, 2019  Fair Value   Face Value
Principal
Payable
 
Balances - December 31, 2018  $7,903,000   $7,750,000 
Less: bi-monthly Installment Amount - cash        
Less: bi-monthly Installment Amount - issue shares of common stock         
Less: bi-monthly non-installment payments - Cash   (159,191)    
Less: bi-monthly non-installment payments - issue shares of common stock        
Less: Conversion to shares of common stock - conversion price voluntary adjustment   (51,545)   (51,500)
Fair value adjustment   558,951     
Balances - March 31, 2019  $8,251,215   $7,698,500 

 

       Face Value 
       Principal 
Senior Secured Convertible Note - December 31, 2018  Fair Value   Payable 
Fair Value /Face Value Principal Payable - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,750,000   $7,750,000 
Less: bi-monthly Installment Amount - as of December 31, 2018        
Less: bi-monthly non-installment payments - as of December 31, 2018        
Fair value adjustment - December 31, 2018   153,000     
Fair Value /Face Value Principal Payable - December 31, 2018  $7,903,000   $7,750,000 

 

The fair value adjustments of $558,951 as of March 31, 2019, $153,000 as of December 31, 2018, and $750,000 on the December 27, 2018 issue date, each as presented above, were recognized as a current period expense, as no portion of such fair value adjustments resulted from instrument-specific credit risk of the Senior Convertible Note, as of the dates noted.

 

The estimated fair value of the Senior Convertible Note at March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018, and the December 27, 2018 issue date, were computed using a combination of the present value of the Senior Convertible Note cash flows using a synthetic credit rating analysis’ required rate of return and the Black-Scholes option pricing model, using the following assumptions:

 

           Issue Date 
Fair Value Assumptions  March 31,   December 31,   December 27 
Senior Secured Convertible Note  2019   2018   2018 
Fair value  $8,251,215   $7,903,000   $7,750,000 
Face value principal payable  $7,698,500   $7,750,000   $7,750,000 
Required rate of return   11.0%   13.1%   13.2%
Conversion price  $1.60   $1.60   $1.60 
Value of common stock  $1.10   $0.96   $0.92 
Expected term (years)   1.76    2.0    2.0 
Volatility   50%   50%   46%
Risk free rate   2.3%   2.5%   2.5%
Dividend yield   0%   0%   0%

 

25
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Series A Preferred Stock Units

 

The (previous) Series A Warrant and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option were each determined to be a derivative liability under FASB ASC Topic 815, Derivative and Hedging (ASC 815), as the Series A Warrant exercise price and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock common stock exchange factor denominator, were each subject to potential adjustment resulting from future financing transactions, under certain conditions, along with certain other provisions which may result in required or potential full or partial cash settlement.

 

Through the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, as such exchange offer is discussed herein below, the respective Series A Warrants and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability were each classified as a current liability in the consolidated balance sheet, and each were initially measured at estimated fair value at the time of issuance and subsequently remeasured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period date, with changes in estimated fair value recognized as other income or expense in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

The number of Series A Warrants and shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018 is as follows:

 

       Series A 
   Series A   Convertible 
Issued and Outstanding - December 31, 2018  Warrants   Preferred Stock 
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017   268,001    249,667 
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018   (268,001)   (249,667)
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018        

 

As of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 Exchange Date, as discussed below, there were no issued and outstanding Series A Warrants and shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, as each were fully exchanged for Series Z Warrants and shares Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, respectively.

 

The reconciliation of each of the Series A Warrants and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability as of December 31, 2018 is as follows:

 

       Series A 
       Convertible 
   Series A   Preferred Stock 
Derivative Liability - December 31, 2018  Warrants   Conversion Option 
Balance at December 31, 2017  $761,123   $212,217 
Change in fair value - March 15, 2018 Exchange Date   (246,561)   (64,913)
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018   (514,562)   (147,304)
Balance at December 31, 2018  $   $ 

 

As noted above, the Series A Warrants derivative liability and the Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability were each initially measured at fair value at the time of issuance and subsequently remeasured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period date, with changes in estimated fair value recognized as other income or expense.

 

The Series A Warrants derivative liability and the Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability were fully extinguished-upon-exchange on the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, as discussed below. Accordingly, the final estimated fair value of each respective derivative liability was as of the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date, with such change in estimated fair value resulting in the respective recognition of income of $246,561 and $64,913, with a corresponding decrease in each of the Series A Warrants and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability, respectively.

 

26
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Series A Preferred Stock Units - continued

 

Fair Value Assumptions - Derivative Liability - Series A Warrants and Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Conversion Option

 

The initial issue date and subsequent recurring reporting period date estimated fair value of each of the Series A Warrants derivative liability and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability, were estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation valuation model using the Company’s common stock price, the Company’s dividend yield, the risk-free rates based on U.S. Treasury security yields, and certain other Level-3 inputs to take into account the probabilities of certain events occurring over their respective life, including, assumptions regarding the estimated volatility in the value of the Company’s common stock price and the likelihood and timing of future dilutive transactions, as applicable, using the following assumptions as of the dates indicated:

 

Fair Value Assumptions    
Series A Warrants Derivative Liability  March 15, 2018(1) 
Calculated aggregate estimated fair value  $514,562 
Series A Warrants outstanding   268,001 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Exercise price per share - Series A Warrant  $6.61 
Exercise price per share - Series X Warrant  $6.00 
Expected term (years)   6.1 
Volatility   59%
Risk free rate   2.7%
Dividend yield   0%

 

Fair Value Assumptions    
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock    
Conversion Option Derivative Liability  March 15, 2018(1) 
Calculated aggregate estimated fair value  $147,304 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock shares   249,667 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Common stock exchange factor numerator  $6.00 
Common stock exchange factor denominator  $4.97 
Expected term (years)   6.1 
Volatility   59%
Risk-free interest rate   2.7%
Dividend yield   0%

 

  (1) As the Series A Warrants and shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock were each fully exchanged on the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, the final estimated fair value of each respective derivative liability was as of the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer discussed below.

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018

 

On March 15, 2018, the “Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer” was completed, wherein, two shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock were issued-upon-exchange of one share of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, and five Series Z Warrants were issued-upon-exchange of one Series A Warrant; and, 1.33 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock were issued-upon-exchange of one share of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock, and five Series Z Warrants were issued-upon-exchange of one Series A-1 Warrant. Collectively, such exchanges are referred to as the “Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer” and the “March 15, 2018 Exchange Date”. The Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer was offered to and accepted by all holders of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A Warrants and the Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A-1 Warrants.

 

On the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date: (i) a total of 975,568 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock were issued-upon-exchange, including 499,334 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of 249,667 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and 476,234 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of 357,259 shares of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock; and, (ii) a total of 2,739,190 Series Z Warrants were issued-upon-exchange, including 1,340,005 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of 268,001 Series A Warrants and 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants.

 

As of the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, there were no issued and outstanding shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A Warrants, nor shares of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A-1 Warrants, as each were fully exchanged-upon-issue of shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and Series Z Warrants, respectively. Additionally, each of the corresponding Series A Warrants derivative liability and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability were each fully extinguished-upon-exchange as of the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer.

 

See Note 13, Preferred Stock, for further information with respect to Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock, and Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, and Note 14, Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants, for further information with respect to common stock purchase warrants, including Series Z Warrants.

 

27
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 -

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

Series Z Warrants Issued-Upon-Exchange Of Series A Warrants

 

As noted above, the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer resulted in the extinguishment of: 249,667 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock along with the corresponding (bifurcated) conversion option derivative liability, and, 268,001 Series A Warrants, each resulting from the issue-upon-exchange of: 499,334 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and 1,340,005 Series Z Warrants, respectively, each as discussed herein below.

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of the consideration given of $873,835 of the 499,334 shares of the equity-classified Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange, as compared to the (temporary equity) carrying value of 249,667 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and the estimated fair value of the corresponding conversion option derivative liability of $147,304, resulted in incremental estimated fair value of $726,531 recognized as a deemed dividend charged to accumulated deficit on the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date, with such deemed dividend included as a component of “net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders”, summarized as follows:

 

   Series A 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued-Upon-Exchange  Series A-1 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and Conversion Option Derivative Liability  Exchange Offer 
Extinguished-Upon-Exchange  March 15, 2018 
Deemed Dividend Charged to Accumulated Deficit  Exchange Date 
Fair value - 499,334 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange  $873,835 
Less: Fair value - Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability     
extinguished-upon-exchange   147,304 
Less: Carrying value - 249,667 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock     
extinguished-upon-exchange    
Deemed dividend charged to accumulated deficit   $726,531 

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock - continued

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $873,835 of the 499,334 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of 249,667 Series A Convertible Preferred Stock was computed using a combination of the present value of its cash flows using a synthetic credit rating analysis’ required rate of return and the Black-Scholes option pricing model, using the following assumptions:

 

   Series A 
   Series A-1 
   Exchange Offer 
Fair Value Assumptions  March 15, 2018 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock  Exchange Date 
Aggregate fair value  $873,835 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock shares   499,334 
Required rate of return   27.0%
Common stock conversion factor numerator  $3.00 
Common stock conversion factor denominator  $3.00 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Expected term (years)   6.1 
Volatility   59%
Risk free rate   2.7%
Dividend yield   0%

 

The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock was classified in temporary equity in the consolidated balance sheet and had a carrying value of $0 resulting from the issuance date initial estimated fair values of the Series A Warrant derivative liability and the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock conversion option derivative liability being in excess of the Series A Preferred Stock Units private placement issuance gross proceeds, with such excess recognized as a current period loss in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

28
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 -

Series Z Warrants Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A Warrants

 

The Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of Series A Warrants in the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, as discussed above, resulted in the recognition of a modification expense under the analogous guidance with respect to stock option modification under FASB ASC 718, wherein an exchange of warrants is deemed to be a modification of the initial warrant agreement by the replacement with a revised warrant agreement, requiring the incremental estimated fair value, measured as the difference between the estimated fair value immediately after the modification as compared to the estimated fair value immediately before the modification, to the extent an increase, recognized as a modification expense. In this regard, the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date adjustment of the estimated fair value of the Series A Warrants derivative liability resulted in the recognition of a net expense of $96,480 comprised of: (i) income of $246,561 upon the Series A Warrant derivative liability being adjusted to its March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $514,562, as noted above, and (ii) an expense of $343,041 resulting from the incremental estimated fair value of the consideration given of $857,603 of the 1,340,005 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange as compared to the estimated fair value of $514,562 of the 268,001 Series A Warrants derivative liability extinguished-upon-exchange, summarized as follows:

 

           Fair Value 
           Change 
          Series A 
       Series Z   Warrant 
   Series A   Warrants   Derivative 
   Warrants   Additional   Liability 
  Derivative   Paid In   Other 
Series Z Warrants Issued Upon Exchange of Series A Warrants - March 15, 2018  Derivative
Liability
   Capital
Equity
   Income
(Expense)
 
Series A Warrants derivative liability - December 31, 2017  $761,123   $   $ 
Series A Warrants derivative liability change in fair value - March 15, 2018   (246,561)        246,561 
Sub-Total: Series A Warrants derivative liability - March 15, 2018 Exchange Date   514,562        246,561 
Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of Series A Warrants - estimated fair value   (514,562)   857,603    (343,041)
Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of Series A Warrants - March 15, 2018  $   $857,603   $(96,480)

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 -

Series Z Warrants Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A Warrants - continued

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $857,603 of the 1,340,005 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of 268,001 Series A Warrants was computed using a Black-Scholes valuation model, using the following assumptions:

 

   March 15, 2018 
  Exchange 
Fair Value Assumptions Series Z Warrants issued upon exchange of Series A Warrants  Date 
Aggregate fair value  $857,603 
Series Z Warrants issued upon exchange of Series A Warrants   1,340,005 
Exercise price per share - Series Z Warrant  $3.00 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Expected term (years)   6.1 
Volatility   59%
Risk free rate   2.7%
Dividend yield   0%

 

29
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 -

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock

Series Z Warrants Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A-1 Warrants

 

As noted above, the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer resulted in the extinguishment of: 357,259 shares of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock and, 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants, resulting from the issue-upon-exchange of 476,234 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants, respectively, each as discussed herein below.

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued Upon Exchange of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of the consideration given of $833,410 of the equity-classified 476,234 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange, was less than the carrying value of $1,032,650 of the equity-classified 357,259 shares Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock, resulting in an increase to additional paid in capital of $199,241 on the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date, with such amount included as a component of “net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders”, summarized as follows:

 

   Series A 
   Series A-1 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Issued-Upon-Exchange  Exchange Offer 
Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock Extinguished-Upon-Exchange  March 15, 2018 
Increase - Additional Paid-In Capital  Exchange Date 
Fair value - 476,234 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange  $833,410 
Less: Carry value - 357,259 shares - Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock extinguished-upon-exchange   1,032,650 
Increase - additional paid-in capital  $199,241 

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $833,410 of the 476.234 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of 357,259 shares of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock was computed using a combination of the present value of its cash flows using a synthetic credit rating analysis required rate of return and the Black-Scholes option pricing model, using the following assumptions:

 

   Series A 
   Series A-1 
  Exchange Offer 
Fair Value Assumptions  March 15, 2018 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock - issued upon exchange of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock  Exchange
Date
 
Aggregate fair value  $833,410 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock shares   476,234 
Required rate of return   27.0%
Common stock conversion factor numerator  $3.00 
Common stock conversion factor denominator  $3.00 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Expected term (years)   6.1 
Volatility   59%
Risk free rate   2.7%
Dividend yield   0%

 

30
 

 

Note 11 — Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - continued

 

Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018

Series Z Warrants Issued-Upon-Exchange of Series A-1 Warrants

 

The “Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of Series A-1 Warrants” in the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, as discussed above, resulted in the recognition of a modification expense under the analogous guidance with respect to stock option modification under FASB ASC 718, wherein an exchange of warrants is deemed to be a modification of the initial warrant agreement by the replacement with a revised warrant agreement, requiring the incremental estimated fair value, measured as the difference between the estimated fair value immediately after the modification as compared to the estimated fair value immediately before the modification, to the extent an increase, recognized as a modification expense. In this regard, the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $895,478 of the equity-classified 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange as compared to the estimated fair value of $545,682 of the equity-classified 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants extinguished-upon-exchange, resulted in an incremental estimated fair value of $349,796 recognized as a modification expense included in other income (expense) in the consolidated statement of operations, with a corresponding increase to additional paid in capital, summarized as follows:

 

   Series A 
   Series A-1 
   Exchange Offer 
   March 15, 2018 
Series Z Warrants - issued-upon-exchange of Series A-1 Warrants - March 15, 2018  Exchange Date 
Fair value - 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange  $895,478 
Less: fair value - 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants extinguished-upon-exchange   545,682 
Modification expense /increase to additional paid in capital   349,796 
Carry value - 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants extinguished-upon-exchange - equity classified   1,879,532 
Carry value - Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of Series A-1 Warrants - equity classified  $2,229,328 

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $895,478 of the 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants was computed using a Black-Scholes valuation model, using the following assumptions:

 

Fair Value Assumptions  March 15, 2018 
Series Z Warrants - issued upon exchange of Series A-1 Warrants  Exchange Date 
Aggregate fair value  $895,478 
Series Z Warrants issued upon exchange of Series A-1 Warrants   1,399,185 
Exercise price per share - Series Z Warrant  $3.00 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Expected term (years)   6.1 
Volatility   59%
Risk free rate   2.7%
Dividend yield   0%

 

The March 15, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair value of $545,682 of the 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants extinguished-upon-exchange for 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants was computed using a Black-Scholes valuation model, using the following assumptions:

 

Fair Value Assumptions  March 15, 2018 
Series A-1 Warrants - exchanged for Series Z Warrants  Exchange Date 
Aggregate fair value  $545,682 
Series A-1 Warrants exchanged for Series Z Warrants   279,837 
Exercise price per share - Series A-1 Warrant  $6.67 
Series W Warrants   1,399,185 
Exercise price per share - Series W Warrant   5.00 
Value of common stock  $1.70 
Expected term (years)   3.9 
Volatility   67%
Risk free rate   2.5%
Dividend yield   0%

 

The estimated fair values discussed herein, utilize the Company’s common stock price along with certain Level 3 inputs, as discussed below, in the development of Monte Carlo simulation models, discounted cash flow analyses, and /or Black-Scholes valuation models.

 

The estimated fair values presented herein are subjective and are affected by changes in inputs to the valuation models /analyses, including the Company’s common stock price, the Company’s dividend yield, the risk-free rates based on U.S. Treasury security yields, and certain other Level-3 inputs including, assumptions regarding the estimated volatility in the value of the Company’s common stock price and /or probabilities associated with the likelihood and timing of future dilutive transactions. Changes in these assumptions can materially affect the estimated fair values.

 

31
 

 

Note 12 — Debt

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note

 

As noted above, in a private placement transaction on December 27, 2018 with an institutional investor - referred to as “Investor”, “Lender”, and /or “Holder” - the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement under which it issued a Senior Secured Convertible Note, having an issue date of December 27, 2018, a contractual maturity date of December 31, 2020, a face value principal of $7.75 million, and a stated interest rate of 7.875% per annum - the “Senior Convertible Note”. At the election of the Holder, the Senior Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock of the Company.

 

The Senior Convertible Note proceeds were $7.0 million after payment of $750,000 of lender fees. The Company incurred total offering costs of $614,940, inclusive of the payment of a $455,000 placement agent fee and legal fees, with such offering costs recognized as an expense in other income (expense) in the consolidated statement of operations. Additionally, concurrent with the Senior Convertible Note Closing on December 27, 2018, a $5.0 million payment was made with respect to the repayment of the Company’s previously issued Senior Secured Note, as further discussed below.

 

Conversion

 

As noted, at the election of the Holder, at any time after the December 27, 2018 issue date, the Senior Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock of the Company at an initial contractual conversion price of $1.60 per share. The conversion price per share is subject-to adjustment for the effect of stock dividends, stock splits, or similar events affecting the common stock of the Company - i.e. “plain vanilla standard anti-dilution provisions”. The conversion price may also be adjusted: if the Company issues or agrees to issue any variable rate securities, in which case the Holder shall be entitled to substitute the variable price for the initial stated conversion price; or if certain Events of Default occur, as defined, in which case the Holder is entitled to convert all or a portion of the Senior Convertible Note at the lower of (i) the actual conversion price then in effect or (ii) 80% of the market price of the Company’s common stock, as defined, but not lower than a floor price of $0.19 per share.

 

Additionally, the Senior Convertible Note provides for a voluntary adjustment of the conversion price by at the discretion of the Company, with the consent of the Holder, wherein during the term of the Senior Convertible Note, the Company may at any time reduce the then current conversion price to any amount and for any period of time deemed appropriate by the board of directors of the Company. The Company’s board of directors have adopted guidelines surrounding such a Senior Convertible Note voluntary adjustment of the conversion price, if any, to be implemented by management when favorable market conditions exist for the Company to orderly and effectively reduce its outstanding debt to the investor.

 

Effective March 20, 2019, the Company agreed to voluntarily reduce the Senior Convertible Note conversion price from its current $1.60 per share to the greater of $1.00 per share or the prior trading day closing price per share, for a maximum of 1.0 million shares of common stock of the Company, during the period March 20, 2019 through April 9, 2019 - referred to as the March 20, 2019 conversion price voluntary adjustment. In connection with the March 20, 2019 conversion price voluntary adjustment, as of April 9, 2019, the Senior Convertible Note holder converted $51,500 of face value principal and $45 of earned but unpaid interest thereon, into 50,044 shares of common stock of the Company, with such conversion occurring as of March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized a debt extinguishment loss of $1,001, resulting from the difference between the fair value of the shares of common stock issued, measured as the issue date closing price of the common stock, and the face value principal and interest settled upon conversion.

 

Subsequently, effective April 24, 2019, the Company agreed to voluntarily reduce the conversion price from its current $1.60 per share to the greater of $1.00 per share or 85% of the prior trading day closing price per share, for a maximum of 2.0 million shares of common stock of the Company, during the period April 23, 2019 through May 14, 2019 - referred to as the April 24, 2019 conversion price voluntary adjustment. In connection with the April 24, 2019 conversion price voluntary adjustment, as of May 14, 2019, the Senior Convertible Note holder converted an additional $547,500 of face value principal and $668 of earned but unpaid interest thereon, into a total of an additional 503,604 shares of common stock of the Company, with such shares of common stock issued having a fair value of approximately $647,123, measured as the respective issue date closing price of the common stock of the Company.

 

Subsequently, effective May 15, 2019, the Company agreed to voluntarily reduce the conversion price from its current $1.60 per share to the greater of $1.00 per share or 85% of the prior trading day closing price per share, for a maximum of 2.0 million shares of common stock of the Company, during the period May 15, 2019 through June 4, 2019 - referred to as the May 15, 2019 conversion price voluntary adjustment.

 

32
 

 

Note 12 — Debt - continued

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - continued

 

Bi-Monthly Payments

 

The Senior Convertible Note requires bi-monthly payments on the 15th calendar day and the last trading day of the month, commencing January 15, 2019 and ending December 31, 2020. The bi-monthly payments include a contractually stated face value principal repayment, referred to as an Installment Amount, and a payment based on the outstanding face value principal and the 7.875% annual interest rate, or an 18% annual interest rate in the Event of Default, as defined in the Senior Secured Convertible Note Agreement, referred to herein as a non-installment payment. The bi-monthly payments of January 15, 2019 through June 15, 2019 are non-installment payments only, and the bi-monthly payments commencing June 28, 2019 through December 31, 2020 include both the Installment Amount and the non-installment payment, as discussed below.

 

The Installment Amount include 35 bi-monthly payments of $193,750 commencing June 28, 2019 through November 30, 2020, and two final payments of $484,375 on each of December 15, 2020 and December 31, 2020, with such bi-monthly dates referred to as Installment Dates. Further, the contractual Installment Amount is reduced by additional face value principal repayments, if any, with the reductions first applied to the final December 31, 2020 Installment Amount, then the December 15, 2020 Installment Amount, and continuing in the reverse order of maturity. In this regard, the December 31, 2020 Installment Amount has been reduced by the $51,500 face value principal repayment resulting from the conversion to shares of common stock of the Company as of March 31, 2019, as discussed above. The additional conversions into shares of common stock of the Company occurring after March 31, 2019, including such conversions discussed above, will further reduce the Installment Amount as described above.

 

As amended on April 11, 2019, commencing with the June 28, 2019 bi-monthly date, the Installment Amount and the non-installment payment will be paid by the issue of shares of common stock of the Company, subject to the satisfaction of customary equity conditions, including minimum price and volume thresholds, referred to as an Installment Conversion.

 

If the Company satisfies such equity conditions, subject to the holder’s right to waive any such condition, the Company will convert the portion of the Installment Amount subject to such Installment Conversion into shares of its common stock at a price per share equal to the lower of (i) the conversion price then in effect, and (ii) 82.5% of the market price of the Company’s common stock, as determined in accordance with the Senior Convertible Note, but no lower than $0.19 per share, with the $0.19 per share referred to as the Floor Price. If the Installment Conversion is not permitted because certain equity conditions are not met, the holder may elect to either (i) have the Company redeem the Installment Amount in cash at a price equal to 115% of its aggregate value or (ii) void the conversion of the Installment Amount and retain all the rights of a holder of the Senior Convertible Note, except that the conversion price for such Installment Amount will thereafter be the lesser of the installment conversion price as in effect on the date the installment conversion is voided and the installment conversion price on the date the holder delivers a subsequent notice of conversion.

 

The Holder of the Convertible Note will not have the right to convert any portion of the Convertible Note, to the extent that, after giving effect to such conversion, the holder (together with certain related parties) would beneficially own in excess of 4.99%of the shares of our common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such conversion. A holder may from time to time increase this limit to 9.99%, provided any such increase will not be effective until the 61st day after delivery of a notice to us of such increase. In addition, unless we obtain the approval of our stockholders as required by Nasdaq, we are prohibited from issuing any shares of common stock upon conversion of the Senior Convertible Note or otherwise pursuant to the terms of the Senior Convertible Note, if the issuance of such shares of common stock would exceed 19.99% of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock as of December 27, 2018 or otherwise exceed the aggregate number of shares of common stock which the Company may issue without breaching its obligations under the rules and regulations of Nasdaq.

 

The holder of the Senior Convertible Note may elect to defer conversion until a subsequent Installment Date selected by the holder or accelerate the conversion of future Installment Amounts to the current Installment Date, with the amount to be accelerated subject to certain restrictions as set forth in the Senior Convertible Note.

 

Redemption Rights

 

The Holder has the option to require the Company to redeem all or a portion of the Senior Convertible Note face value principal then unpaid /outstanding, as follows:

 

  Event of Default - Upon the occurrence of an Event of Default, as defined, the Holder has the option to require the Company to redeem all or a portion of the Senior Convertible Note face value principal then unpaid /outstanding for cash at a price equal to the greater of (a) 115% of the then unpaid /outstanding Senior Convertible Note face value principal, plus earned-but-unpaid Non-Installment Payments, and late charge fees, or (b) the market value of the common stock of the Company underlying the Senior Convertible Note.
   
  Change of Control - Upon the occurrence of a Change of Control, the Holder has the option to require the Company to redeem all or a portion of the Senior Convertible Note for cash at a price equal to the greater of: (a) 115% of the then unpaid /outstanding Senior Convertible Note face value principal plus earned-but-unpaid Non-Installment Payments, and late charge fees; (b) 115% of the market value of the common stock of the Company underlying the Senior Convertible Note; or, (c) 115% of the aggregate cash consideration payable in respect of the common stock of the Company underlying the Senior Convertible Note.
   
  Bankruptcy - Upon occurrence of a Bankruptcy Event of Default, as defined, the Company must immediately pay cash to the Holder equal to 115% of the sum of (a) Senior Convertible Note unpaid /outstanding face value principal, (b) earned-but-unpaid Non-Installment Payments, and (c) late charge fees. Notwithstanding, the Holder may waive the right to receive such payment and retain the conversion and payment rights.

 

33
 

 

Note 12 — Debt - continued

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - continued

 

Covenants and Other Provisions

 

The Company is subject to certain customary affirmative and negative covenants regarding the incurrence of indebtedness, the existence of liens, the repayment of indebtedness, the payment of cash in respect of dividends, distributions or redemptions, and the transfer of assets, and to have an unrestricted cash balance of at least $1.75 million at each quarterly balance sheet date, among other provisions and covenants, including:

 

  * Through June 28, 2019, to the extent any portion of the Senior Convertible Note face value principal remains outstanding, the Company we may not consummate the sale of any equity or equity-linked security at a price per share less than the initial conversion price of the Senior Convertible Note, without the consent of the Holder. After June 28, 2019, if any portion of the Senor Convertible Note remains outstanding, the Company may consummate the sale of any equity or equity-linked security provided the price per share is equal to or greater than the initial conversion price of the Senior Convertible Note and the aggregate consideration is less than or equal to $5.0 million and compliance with the terms and conditions of the Senior Convertible Note as to the acceleration of Installment Repayments after giving effect to such issuance. Subsequently, on April 11, 2019, these restrictions were waived by the Holder.
     
  * The Company agreed to hold a stockholder meeting by no later than June 28, 2019 to approve stockholder resolutions with respect to each of: approving an increase in the authorized shares of common stock of the Company to 100 million shares from the current 75 million shares; and approving the issuance of shares of common stock of the Company in connection with the Senior Convertible Note for the purposes of compliance with the stockholder approval rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”). The Company will be obligated to continue to seek stockholder approval quarterly until such approval is obtained.
     
  * If at any time the number of shares of common stock of the Company authorized and reserved for issuance under the Senior Convertible Note is not sufficient to meet the minimum required reserve amounts of such shares specified in the Securities Purchase Agreement, then the Company will promptly take all corporate action necessary to authorize and reserve the minimum required reserve amount of such shares, including, without limitation, calling a special meeting to obtain stockholder approval of an increase in the number authorized shares of common stock of the Company.
     
  * During the three year period ended December 27, 2021, the Senior Convertible Note private placement investor may participate up to 50%, in future equity and equity-linked securities offered by the Company. The Company will not effect or enter an agreement to effect any variable rate transaction. Subsequently, on each of April 11, 2019 and on May 8, 2019, the investor waived the right to participate in the offerings of common stock of the Company pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on SEC Form S-3 - File No. 333-220549 in April and May 2018, as such common stock offerings are discussed in Note 14, Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants.

 

Guaranty Agreement

 

The payment of all amounts due and payable under the Senior Convertible Note are guaranteed by PAVmed Inc. and its majority-owned subsidiary Lucid Diagnostics Inc., and the obligations under the Senior Convertible Note are secured by all of the assets of these entities pursuant to the terms of a Guaranty Agreement executed in connection with the Senior Secured Convertible Note private placement discussed above. The Lender may transfer or assign all or any part of the Senior Convertible Note to any person with the prior written consent of the Company, provided no consent shall be required from the Company for any transfer to an affiliate of the Lender, or upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, as defined.

 

34
 

 

Note 12 — Debt - continued

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - continued

 

The Senior Convertible Note is principally a debt financial instrument host containing embedded features and /or options which are otherwise required to be bifurcated from the debt host and recognized as separate derivative liabilities subject to initial and subsequent periodic estimated fair value measurements under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. Notwithstanding, the Senior Convertible Note is being afforded the guidance of the “fair value option” (“FVO”) of ASC 825, Financial Instruments, specifically, the FVO election provided for under ASC 825-10-15-4. As such, the Senior Convertible Note was initially measured at its December 27, 2018 issue-date estimated fair value and subsequently remeasured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period date, with changes in estimated fair value recognized as current period income or expense, to the extent such change is not the result of a change in the instrument-specific credit risk of the Senior Convertible Note, as discussed below.

 

The Senior Convertible Note fair value adjustments were recognized as an expense in other income (expense), including $558,951 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and $903,000 in the year ended December 31, 2018, with respect to the fair value adjustments as of the December 27, 2018 issue date and as of December 31, 2018, as presented below. As the Senior Convertible Note was issued on December 27, 2018, there is no such fair value adjustment recognized in the corresponding prior year period.

 

The Senior Convertible Note estimated fair value, changes in fair value, face value principal payable, and changes in face value principal payable, as of the dates indicated, are as follows:

 

       Face Value 
       Principal 
Senior Secured Convertible Note - March 31, 2019  Fair Value   Payable 
Balances - December 31, 2018  $7,903,000  $7,750,000 
Less: bi-monthly Installment Amount - cash        
Less: bi-monthly Installment Amount - issue shares of common stock         
Less: bi-monthly non-installment payments - cash   (159,191)    
Less: bi-monthly non-installment payments - issue shares of common stock        
Less: Conversion to shares of common stock - conversion price voluntary adjustment   (51,545)   (51,500)
Fair value adjustment   558,951     
Balances - March 31, 2019  $8,251,215  $7,698,500 

 

       Face Value 
       Principal 
Senior Secured Convertible Note - December 31, 2018  Fair Value   Payable 
Fair Value /Face Value Principal Payable - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,750,000   $7,750,000 
Less: bi-monthly Installment Amount - as of December 31, 2018        
Less: bi-monthly non-installment payments - as of December 31, 2018        
Fair value adjustment - December 31, 2018   153,000     
Fair Value /Face Value Principal Payable - December 31, 2018  $7,903,000   $7,750,000 

 

Senior Secured Convertible Note - Issue Date - December 27, 2018  Fair Value 
Face value principal payable - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,750,000 
Lender fees paid - issue date December 27, 2018   (750,000)
Proceeds, net - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,000,000 
Fair value adjustment - December 27, 2018   750,000 
Fair value - issue date December 27, 2018  $7,750,000 

 

The estimated fair value adjustment of the Senior Convertible Note, as required by ASC 825-10-45-5, is recognized as a component of other comprehensive income (OCI) with respect to the portion of the fair value adjustment attributed to a change in the instrument-specific credit risk, with the remaining amount of the fair value adjustment recognized as other income (expense). The “other income (expense) component” of the Senior Convertible Note fair value adjustment is presented in a single line in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations, as provided for by ASC 825-10-50-30(b). No portion of the fair value adjustment resulted from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk of the Senior Convertible Note as of the dates noted.

 

The estimated fair value of the Senior Convertible Note at March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018, and the December 27, 2018 issue date, were computed using a combination of the present value of the Senior Convertible Note cash flows using a synthetic credit rating analysis’ required rate of return and the Black-Scholes option pricing model. See Note 11, Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements, for further detail regarding the estimated fair value with respect to the Senior Convertible Note for the dates noted.

 

35
 

 

Note 12 — Debt - continued

 

Senior Secured Note and Series S Warrants -

 

In July 2017, the Company and Scopia Holdings LLC (“Scopia” or the “Lender”) previously entered into a Note and Security Purchase Agreement, whereupon Scopia delivering to the Company $4.8 million in net cash proceeds, the Company issued to Scopia and its designees, a Senior Secured Note with an initial principal of $5.0 million (“Senior Secured Note”), and 2,660,000 Series S Warrants to purchase a corresponding number of shares of common stock of the Company.

 

On December 27, 2018, concurrent with the issue of the Senior Convertible Note as discussed above, the Company repaid-in-full the previously issued Senior Secured Note, inclusive of the total outstanding principal payable and the accrued but unpaid interest expense payable as of December 27, 2018, with such repayment comprised of a $5.0 million cash payment and the issue of 600,000 shares of common stock of the Company. The Senior Secured Note repayment was executed under a Notice of Prepayment agreement dated December 27, 2018. The Sr Secured Note had a contractual maturity date of June 30, 2019, with such maturity date not subject-to any early repayment provisions.

 

On the December 27, 2018 repayment date, the Company recognized as other income (expense), a debt extinguishment loss of $1.4 million resulting from the difference between a $5.5 million debt reacquisition price and a $4.1 million debt carrying value, net, of the Senior Secured Note as of December 27, 2018, as follows:

 

   December 27, 
Senior Secured Note - Debt Extinguishment  2018 
Cash payment  $5,000,000 
Fair value - 600,000 shares of common stock issued   550,440 
Debt reacquisition price Senior Secured Note  $5,550,440 
      
Senior Secured Note - original principal  $5,000,000 
Senior Secured Note - additional principal - unpaid interest expense   780,116 
Senior Secured Note - total principal  $5,780,116 
Less: Senior Secured Note - remaining unamortized debt discount   (1,637,972)
Senior Secured Note - debt carrying value, net  $4,142,144 
      
Debt extinguishment loss  $(1,408,2960 

 

The Senior Secured Note annual interest rate was 15.0%, with interest payable semi-annually in arrears on June 30 and December 30 of each calendar year, commencing December 30, 2017 (“15% interest expense”). At its sole discretion, the Company was able to defer payment of up to 50% of each of the semi-annual 15% interest expense payable, with such deferred amount added to the outstanding interest-bearing principal balance of the Senior Secured Note. In this regard, the Senior Secured Note principal balance was $5,780,116 as of December 27, 2018, comprised of the initial principal of $5.0 million and the total unpaid semi-annual interest as of December 27, 2018.

 

The Senior Secured Note and the Series S Warrants are freestanding financial instruments, as the Series S Warrants were immediately legally detachable from the Senior Secured Note and were immediately exercisable. The Series-S Warrants are equity classified in the consolidated balance sheet. See Note 14, Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants, for a further discussion of the Series S Warrants.

 

The $4.8 million of cash proceeds, which were net of the Lender’s issue costs, were allocated to the Senior Secured Note and the Series S Warrants based on their respective relative fair value, as discussed below, resulting in an allocation of $1,408,125 to the Senior Secured Note and $3,434,452 to the Series S Warrants, with the resulting difference of $3,591,875 recognized as Senior Secured Note debt discount, amortized as interest expense over the term of the Senior Secured Note.

 

The Senior Secured Note total interest expense of $500,304 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, was comprised of $194,570 with respect to the 15% interest expense and $305,734 related to the amortization of the debt discount.

 

The Note and Security Purchase Agreement with Scopia had provided for, to the extent the Lender held at least 50% of the aggregate remaining unpaid principal balance of the Senior Secured Note, the Lender had the ability to nominate one individual to the Company’s board of directors, provided the board of directors had the right to reject any such Lender nominee if it determined in good faith such Lender nominee was not reasonably acceptable. In this regard, on August 3, 2017, the Lender nominee was appointed to the Company’s board of directors, with such individual currently continuing to serve as a member of the board of directors after repayment of the Senior Secured Note.

 

36
 

 

Note 13 — Preferred Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 20 million shares of its preferred stock, par value of $0.001 per share, with such designation, rights, and preferences as may be determined from time-to-time by the Company’s board of directors.

 

There were 1,091,354 and 1,069,941 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (classified in permanent equity) issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

As discussed above in Note 11, Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements, the “Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer” was completed on March 15, 2018, resulting in a total of 975,568 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock were issued-upon-exchange, including 499,334 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of 249,667 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and 476,234 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of 357,259 shares of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock; and, a total of 2,739,190 Series Z Warrants were issued-upon-exchange, including 1,340,005 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of 268,001 Series A Warrants and 1,399,185 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange of 279,837 Series A-1 Warrants. As a result of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, as of the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date, there were no issued and outstanding shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A Warrants, nor shares of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A-1 Warrants, as each were fully exchanged-upon-issue of shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and Series Z Warrants, respectively.

 

The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock has a par value of $0.001 per share, no voting rights, a stated value of $3.00 per share, and is immediately convertible upon its issuance. At the holders’ election, a share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible into a number of shares of common stock of the Company at a common stock conversion exchange factor equal to a numerator and denominator of $3.00, with each such numerator and denominator not subject to further adjustment, except for the effect of stock dividends, stock splits or similar events affecting the Company’s common stock. The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock shall not be redeemed for cash and under no circumstances shall the Company be required to net cash settle the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock. The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is equity-classified and the initial 975,568 shares issued-upon-exchange were measured at estimated fair value on the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date. See Note 11, Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements, for a discussion of the issue date estimated fair value of the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock provides for dividends at a rate of 8% per annum based on the $3.00 per share stated value of the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, with such dividends compounded quarterly, accumulate, and are payable in arrears upon being declared by the Company’s board of directors. The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividends from April 1, 2018 through October 1, 2021 are payable-in-kind (“PIK”) in additional shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock. The dividends may be settled after October 1, 2021, at the option of the Company, through any combination of the issuance of additional Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, shares of common stock, and /or cash payment. The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividends are included in the calculation of basic and diluted net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders as applicable for each of the periods presented.

 

In January 2019, the Company’s board-of-directors declared a Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividend payment of earned but unpaid dividends as of December 31, 2018, payable as of January 1, 2019, of $64,196, with such dividend payment settled by the issue of an additional 21,413 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock in accordance with the PAVmed Inc. Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights, and Limitations of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation”).

 

Subsequently, in May 2019, the Company’s board-of-directors declared a Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividend payment of earned but unpaid dividends as of March 31, 2019, payable as of April 1, 2019, of $65,481, with such dividend payment settled by the issue of an additional 21,847 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock in accordance with the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation. The April 1, 2019 Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividend payment Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividend payment were not recognized as a dividend payable liability as of March 31, 2019 as the Company’s board of directors had not declared such dividends payable.

 

In 2018, the Company’s board of directors declared Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividends of an aggregate of $382,920, with such dividend payment settled by the issue of an additional 127,698 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock in accordance with the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation. The aggregate dividends settled in 2018 were inclusive of $243,994 of total dividends related to the previously held and exchanged respective shares of Series A and Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock, each earned through the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date, and, upon-exchange, such dividend balance was transferred to the respective holders’ Series B Convertible Preferred Stock dividend balances.

 

In July 2018, at the election of their holder, 33,325 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock were converted into a corresponding number of shares of common stock of the Company

 

37
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants

 

Common Stock

 

As of March 31, 2019 the Company is authorized to issue up to 75.0 million shares of common stock, par value of $0.001 per share. There were 27,142,979 and 27,142,979 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, summarized as follows:

 

Shares of Common Stock Issued and Outstanding    
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018   27,142,979 
Senior Secured Convertible Note conversion   50,044 
Issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019   27,193,023 
      
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017   14,551,234 
Equity Subscription Rights Offering   9,000,000 
Underwritten public offering   2,649,818 
Repayment of debt - Senior Secured Note   600,000 
Series W Warrant exercises   34,345 
Series S Warrant exercises   274,257 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock conversion   33,325 
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018   27,142,979 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, 50,044 shares of common stock of the Company were issued upon (partial) conversion of the Senior Secured Convertible Note. See Note 12, Debt, for further information with respect to the Senior Secured Convertible Note.
   
On December 27, 2018, 600,000 shares of common stock of the Company were issued in connection with the repayment of the Senior Secured Note debt. See Note 12, Debt, for further information with respect to the Senior Secured Note repayment.
   
The Company completed an equity subscription rights offering on the June 7, 2018 expiration date of the equity subscription period, with such transaction having a June 12, 2018 close date - referred to herein as the “June 12, 2018 Equity Subscription Rights Offering” - and was completed under a registration statement on Form S-1 - File No. 333-222581 - declared effective by the SEC on May 23, 2018.
   
  The June 12, 2018 Equity Subscription Rights Offering - “ESRO” - involved the Company distributing one non-transferable equity subscription for each of the 17,509,654 issued and outstanding shares of common stock of the Company, as of the record date of May 21, 2018, subject-to the acceptance by the Company of a maximum of 9,000,000 fully-paid equity subscriptions tendered as of the June 7, 2018 expiration date of the equity subscription period. The equity subscription provided for the purchase of a common stock unit at a $1.15 per unit, with each such unit comprised of one share of common stock of the Company and one Series Z Warrant, and immediately separated upon issue into its underlying components.
   
  The June 12, 2018 ESRO resulted in approximately $10.4 million of gross cash proceeds, before approximately $1.0 million of commissions and fees to the dealer-managers, and approximately $0.2 million of offering costs incurred by the Company, upon the issue on June 12, 2018 of 9.0 million common stock units, comprised of one share of common stock of the Company and one Series Z Warrant, as noted above. The June 12, 2018 ESRO proceeds after the dealer-manager commissions and fees and the offering costs incurred by the Company, were allocated based on relative fair value of approximately $7.1 to the shares of common stock par value and additional paid-in capital and approximately $2.1 million to additional paid-in capital with respect to the Series Z Warrants.
   
In January 2018, the Company conducted an underwritten public offering resulting in the issue of a total of 2,649,818 shares of common stock of the Company pursuant to its previously filed and effective shelf registration statement on SEC Form S-3 - File No. 333-220549 - declared effective October 6, 2017, along with a corresponding prospectus supplement dated January 19, 2018. On January 19, 2018, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement with Dawson James Securities, Inc., as sole underwriter, under which the Company agreed to issue to the underwriter at $1.80 per share, 2,415,278 shares of common stock on a firm commitment basis and up to an additional 362,292 shares solely to cover underwriter over-allotments, if any, at the option of the underwriter, exercisable within 45 calendar days from January 19, 2018. On January 23, 2018, 2,415,278 shares of common stock of the Company were issued, and on January 25, 2018, an additional 234,540 shares of common stock of the Company were issued under the underwriter’s over-allotment, resulting in cash proceeds, net of the underwriter’s discount of $4,388,099, before $113,438 of offering costs incurred by the Company.
   
On February 8, 2018, the Company issued at total 34,345 shares of common stock from the exercise of a corresponding number of Series W Warrants, at temporary exercise price of $2.00 per share, resulting in $68,690 of cash proceeds, before offering costs of $50,520. See herein below for a discussion of the “Series W Warrants Offer-to-Exercise”.
   
In March 2018, 274,257 shares of common stock of the Company were issued, resulting from a corresponding number of Series S Warrants exercised for $2,743 of cash proceeds.

 

38
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Common Stock - continued

 

In July 2018, 33,325 shares of common stock of the Company were issued upon the conversion of a corresponding number of shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Subsequently, in April 2019, the Company issued 1,680,000 shares of common stock of the Company pursuant to its previously filed and effective shelf registration statement on SEC Form S-3 - File No. 333-220549 - declared effective October 6, 2017, along with a corresponding prospectus supplement dated April 12, 2019 - resulting in cash proceeds of approximately $1.7 million before placement agent and estimated legal fees of approximately $82,000.

 

Subsequently, in May 2019, the Company issued 2,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company pursuant to its previously filed and effective shelf registration statement on SEC Form S-3 - File No. 333-220549 - declared effective October 6, 2017, along with a corresponding prospectus supplement dated May 8, 2019 - resulting in cash proceeds of approximately $2.0 million before estimated legal fees of approximately $15,000.

 

Subsequently, in connection with the Senior Secured Convertible Note conversion price voluntary adjustment effective April 23, 2019, through May 14, 2019, a total of an additional 503,604 shares of common stock of the Company were issued upon (partial) conversions of the Senior Secured Convertible Note. See Note 12, Debt, for further information with respect to the Senior Secured Convertible Note.

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrants

 

The following table summarizes outstanding warrants to purchase common stock of the Company at the dates indicated:

 

   Common Stock Purchase Warrants Issued and Outstanding at 
       Weighted       Weighted    
       Average       Average    
   March 31,   Exercise   December 31,   Exercise   Expiration
   2019   Price /Share   2018   Price   Date
Equity classified warrants                       
Series Z Warrants   16,815,039   $1.60    16,815,039   $1.60   April 2024
UPO - Series Z Warrants   53,000   $1.60    53,000   $1.60   January 2022
Series W Warrants   381,818   $5.00    381,818   $5.00   January 2022
Series S Warrants   1,199,383   $0.01    1,199,383   $0.01   June 2032
Total   18,449,240   $1.57    18,449,240   $1.57    

 

Series Z Warrants

 

There were 16,815,039 Series Z Warrants issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, including: the initial issue of 2,739,190 Series Z Warrants on the March 15, 2018 Exchange Date of the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer, as such exchange offer is discussed above; the issue of 5,075,849 Series Z Warrants on the April 5, 2018 Exchange Date of the “Series W Warrants Exchange Offer”, as such exchange offer is discussed below; and the issue of 9,000,000 Series Z Warrants on the June 12, 2018 close date of the Equity Subscription Rights Offering, as such offering is discussed above.

 

Upon issue, a Series Z Warrant is exercisable to purchase one share of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $1.60 per share, effective June 1, 2018. The Series Z Warrant exercise price was initially $3.00 per share through May 31, 2018. On May 15, 2018, the Company’s board of directors approved a reduction to the Series Z Warrant exercise price to $1.60 per share, effective June 1, 2018, upon completion of the period-of-notice to the holders of Series Z Warrants then issued and outstanding. See herein below for further information with respect to the modification expense recognized in connection with the Series Z Warrant exercise price adjustment. The Series Z Warrant $1.60 exercise price is not subject-to further adjustment, unless by action of the PAVmed Inc board of directors, or the effect of stock dividends, stock splits or similar events affecting the common stock of the Company. Under no circumstances will the Company be required to net cash settle the Series Z Warrants, nor to pay any liquidated damages in lieu of delivery of shares of common stock of the Company resulting from a failure to satisfy any obligations under the Series Z Warrant, and, the Series Z Warrants expire after the close of business on April 30, 2024, if not earlier redeemed by the Company, as discussed below.

 

Commencing on May 1, 2019, the Company may redeem the outstanding Series Z Warrants, at the Company’s option, in whole or in part, at a price of $0.01 per Series Z Warrant at any time while the Series Z Warrants are exercisable, upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption, if, and only if, the volume weighted average closing price of the common stock of the Company equals or exceeds $9.00 (subject to adjustment) for any 20 out of 30 consecutive trading days ending three business days before the Company issues its notice of redemption, and provided the average daily trading volume in the common stock of the Company during such 30-day period is at least 20,000 shares per day; and if, and only if, there is a current registration statement in effect with respect to the shares of Common Stock underlying such Series Z Warrants.

 

39
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Series Z Warrants - continued

 

As noted above, on April 5, 2018, a total of 5,075,849 Series Z Warrants were issued-upon-exchange of 10,151,682 Series W Warrants, referred to as the “Series W Warrants Exchange Offer” and the “April 5, 2018 Exchange Date”. In this regard, pursuant to an offer-to-exchange letter dated February 20, 2018, as included in a Tender Offer Statement on Schedule TO filed with the SEC on February 20, 2018, the Company offered to issue one Series Z Warrant in exchange for two Series W Warrants. Such Series W Warrants Exchange Offer commenced on February 20, 2018 and had April 2, 2018 expiration date. The Series W Warrants Offer-to-Exchange was completed after expiration of the guaranteed delivery period on April 5, 2018.

 

The Series Z Warrant exercise price adjustment to $1.60 per share from $3.00 per share, as discussed above, resulted in the recognition of a modification expense on the June 1, 2018 effective date of the Series Z Warrant exercise price adjustment, under the analogous guidance with respect to stock option modification under FASB ASC Topic 718, Stock-Based Compensation (ASC 718), wherein an exchange of warrants is deemed to be a modification of the initial warrant agreement by the replacement with a revised warrant agreement, requiring the incremental fair value, measured as the difference between the fair value immediately after the modification as compared to the fair value immediately before the modification, to the extent an increase, recognized as a modification expense. In this regard, the Series Z Warrant June 1, 2018 exercise price adjustment resulted in the recognition of a current period modification expense of $1,140,995, with a corresponding increase to additional paid-in capital, on the June 1, 2018 effective date of the Series Z Warrant exercise price adjustment. The modification expense incremental fair value was estimated using a Black-Scholes valuation model, using the Company’s common stock price, the Company’s dividend yield, the risk-free rates based on U.S. Treasury security yields, estimated volatility in the value of the Company’s common stock, and the respective exercise prices of the Series Z Warrant before and after the June 1, 2018 exercise price adjustment.

 

Additionally, the Series Z Warrants issued in both the Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer on March 15, 2018 and the Series W Warrants Exchange Offer on April 5, 2018, as each exchange offer is discussed above, were issued under the (original) “Series Z Warrant Agreement”. The Company’s board of directors approved Amendment No. 1 to the original Series Z Warrant Agreement, resulting in the “Amended and Restated Series Z Warrant Agreement”, dated June 8, 2018, referred to as the Amended Series Z Warrant Agreement. The principal provisions of the Series Z Warrant Agreement Amendment No. 1, include among other items: to provide for a “late delivery fee” for shares issued outside of the “standard delivery period”, including delivery of shares upon Series Z Warrant exercise for open market or other purchase transactions - i.e. “buy-in fee”, with each such payment, if any, in addition to and not in lieu of delivery of shares, and, to provide for a standard provision (“plain vanilla”) in the event the Company engages in a “Fundamental Transaction”, as defined, wherein the Series Z Warrant may participate pari passu with common stockholders in the consideration paid by an acquiror for the Company’s shares, with such payment, if any, made by the acquiring entity and not paid by the Company as issuer. The Series Z Warrant Agreement Amendment No. 1, was evaluated under the analogous guidance with respect to stock option modification under FASB ASC 718, as discussed above, but did not result in the recognition of a modification expense as there was no incremental increase in the estimated fair value as described above.

 

40
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Series W Warrants

 

There were 381,818 Series W Warrants issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The Series W Warrants have an exercise price of $5.00 per share, with such exercise price not subject to further adjustment, except in the event of stock dividends, stock splits or similar events affecting the common stock of the Company, and became exercisable on October 28, 2016 and expire on January 29, 2022, or earlier upon redemption by the Company, as discussed below. Under no circumstances will the Company be required to net cash settle the Series W Warrants, nor to pay any liquidated damages resulting from a failure to satisfy any obligations under the Series W Warrant.

 

The Series W Warrant Exchange Offer, as discussed above, resulted in the recognition of a modification expense on the April 5, 2018 Exchange Date, under the analogous guidance with respect to stock option modification under FASB ASC 718, as described above with respect to the “Series Z Warrant June 1, 2018 exercise price adjustment”. In this regard, the Series W Warrants exchanged-upon-issue of the Series Z Warrants resulted in the recognition on the April 5, 2018 Exchange Date of a modification expense of $766,456 included in other income (expense) with a corresponding increase to additional paid-in capital, resulting from the incremental estimated fair value of the consideration given of $3,304,377 of the 5,075,849 Series Z Warrants issued-upon-exchange as compared of the $2,537,921 estimated fair value of the 10,151,682 Series W Warrants extinguished-upon-exchange. The April 5, 2018 Exchange Date estimated fair values of each of the Series Z Warrants and Series W Warrants noted above, were each computed using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, using the Company’s common stock price, the Company’s dividend yield, the risk-free rates based on U.S. Treasury security yields, estimated volatility in the value of the Company’s common stock, and the respective warrants’ exercise price.

 

On January 11, 2018, the Company filed with the SEC a Tender Offer Statement on Schedule TO offering Series W Warrants holders a temporary exercise price of $2.00 per share, with such offer having an expiry of February 8, 2018, referred to as the “Series W Warrants Offer-to-Exercise”. As of the February 8, 2018 expiry date, a total of 34,345 Series W Warrants were exercised at the temporary exercise of $2.00 per share, resulting in $68,690 of cash proceeds, before offering costs of $50,520.

 

Commencing April 28, 2017, the Company may redeem the outstanding Series W Warrants (other than those outstanding prior to the IPO held by the Company’s management, founders, and members thereof, but including the warrants held by the initial investors), at the Company’s option, in whole or in part, at a price of $0.01 per warrant: at any time while the warrants are exercisable; upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption; if, and only if, the volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $10.00 (subject-to adjustment) for any 20 consecutive trading days ending three business days before the Company issues its notice of redemption, and provided the average daily trading volume in the stock is at least 20,000 shares per day; and, if, and only if, there is a current registration statement in effect with respect to the shares of common stock of the Company underlying such warrants. The right to exercise will be forfeited unless the Series W Warrants are exercised prior to the date specified in the notice of redemption. On and after the redemption date, a record holder of an Series W Warrant will have no further rights except to receive the redemption price for such holder’s Series W Warrant upon its surrender.

 

41
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Series S Warrants

 

There were 1,199,383 Series S Warrants issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. Previously, under the Note and Security Purchase Agreement with Scopia, the Company issued a total of 2,660,000 Series S Warrants to Scopia and its designees, which were immediately exercisable upon issuance and each may be exercised for one share of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $0.01 per share, with such exercise price not subject to further adjustment, except for the effect of stock dividends, stock splits or similar events affecting the common stock of the Company. The Series S Warrants may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis. Any Series S Warrants outstanding on the June 30, 2032 expiration date will be automatically exercised on a cashless basis.

 

In March 2018, a total of 274,257 Series S Warrants exercised for $2,743 of cash proceeds, resulting in the issue of a corresponding number of a shares of common stock of the Company. In each of October 2017 and November 2017, 532,000 (or a total of 1,064,000) Series S Warrants were exercised for total cash proceeds of $10,640, resulting in the issuance of a corresponding number of shares of common stock of the Company, and in November 2017, a total of 122,360 Series S Warrants were exercised on a cashless basis, resulting in the issuance of a total of 122,080 shares of common stock of the Company.

 

The Senior Secured Note and the Series S Warrants are freestanding financial instruments, as the Series S Warrants were immediately legally detachable from the Senior Secured Note and were immediately exercisable. Under no circumstances will the Company be required to net cash settle the Series S Warrants, nor to pay any liquidated damages resulting from a failure to satisfy any obligations under the Series S Warrant. The Series-S Warrants are classified as equity in the consolidated balance sheet. The Senior Secured Note net cash proceeds were allocated to the Senior Secured Note and the Series S Warrants based on their respective relative fair value, resulting in an allocation of $1,408,125 to the Senior Secured Note and $3,434,452 to the Series S-Warrants. See Note 12, Debt, for further information regarding the Note and Security Purchase Agreement with Scopia.

 

42
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Unit Purchase Options

 

Previously, on the April 28, 2016 closing date of the Company’s IPO, a total of 53,000 unit purchase options were issued to the IPO selling agents, with each such unit purchase option issued on April 28, 2016 referred to as an “UPO-W”. The UPO-W, with an exercise price of $5.50 per unit, could have been exercised to purchase the same unit issued in the Company’s IPO, with such unit comprised of one share of common stock of the Company and one Series W Warrant to purchase one share of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $5.00 per share, along with the other provisions of the Series W Warrant as discussed above. The UPO-W had a January 29, 2021 expiration date. The issue of the UPO-W to the IPO selling agents was recognized as an offering cost of the Company’s IPO, with an estimated fair value of $105,100, determined using a Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: fair value of the underlying unit of $5.00, expected volatility of 50%, risk free rate of 1.28%, remaining contractual term of 4.6 years, and a dividend yield of 0%.

 

On August 22, 2018, the “UPO Exchange Offer” was completed, wherein, 53,000 “UPO-Z” were issued-upon-exchange of all the previously issued and outstanding 53,000 UPO-W. The UPO-Z, with an exercise price of $5.50 per unit, may be exercised to purchase a unit comprised of one share of common stock of the Company and one Series Z Warrant to purchase one share of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $1.60 per share, along with the other provisions of the Series Z Warrant as discussed above. The UPO-Z has a January 29, 2021 expiration date.

 

The UPO Exchange Offer resulted in the recognition of a modification expense under the analogous guidance with respect to stock option modification under FASB ASC 718, as described above with respect to the “June 1, 2018 Series Z Warrant exercise price adjustment”. In this regard, the UPO-Z issued-upon-exchange of the UPO-W resulted in the recognition on the August 22, 2018 exchange date of a modification expense of $2,120, with a corresponding increase to additional paid-in capital. resulting from the incremental estimated fair value of the consideration given of $3,180 of the 53,000 UPO-Z issued-upon-exchange as compared to the estimated fair value of $1,060 of the 53,000 UPO-W extinguished-upon-exchange. The August 22, 2018 estimated fair values of each of the UPO-Z and UPO-W were each computed using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, using the Company’s common stock price, the Company’s dividend yield, the risk-free rates based on U.S. Treasury security yields, estimated volatility in the value of the Company’s common stock, and the respective exercise prices of each of the unit purchase options before and after the August 22, 2018 exercise price adjustment.

 

Registration Statement - Form S-3 - File No. 333-227718

 

The Company has filed with the SEC an effective registration statement on Form S-3 - File No. 333-227718 - declared effective on October 17, 2018, which registers for resale (i) the 257,776 shares of common stock of the Company underlying the Series W Warrants privately issued prior to the Company’s IPO, (ii) the 4,638,818 shares of common stock of the Company underlying the Series Z Warrants privately issued prior to the Company’s IPO, (iii) the 53,000 shares of common stock of the Company underlying the UPOs issued to the selling agent and its designees in connection with the Company’s IPO, the 53,000 Series Z Warrants underlying the UPOs and the 53,000 shares of common stock of the Company issuable upon exercise of the Series Z Warrants underlying the UPOs, (iv) the 2,739,190 shares of common stock of the Company underlying the Series Z Warrants privately issued-upon-exchange of each of the Series A Warrants and Series A-1 Warrants, and (v) the 2,659,720 shares of common stock of the Company issued or issuable upon exercise of the Series S Warrants. The registration statement also registers the initial issuance by the Company of 124,042 shares of common stock of the Company upon exercise of publicly held Series W Warrants and 437,031 shares of common stock of the Company upon exercise of publicly held Series Z Warrants, as well as all of the shares of common stock of the Company underlying the Series W Warrants and Series Z Warrants listed in clauses (i) to (iv) of the preceding sentence to the extent such Series W Warrants and Series Z Warrants are publicly transferred prior to their exercise.

 

Registration Statement - Form S-3 - File No 333-229372

 

In connection with the Senior Convertible Note private placement, the Company filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (’SEC”) an effective registration statement on Form S-3 - File No. 333- 229372 - referred to as the “Senior Convertible Note Registration Statement” - registering for resale the maximum number of shares of common stock of the Company issuable upon conversion of the Senior Convertible Note and the shares issued in connection with the repayment of the Senior Secured Note. If the Senior Convertible Note Registration Statement effectiveness is not maintained, then, the Company is required to make payments of 1% of the Senior Convertible Note face value principal payable on the date of such event, and every thirty days thereafter until the effectiveness failure is cured.

 

43
 

 

Note 14 — Stockholders’ Equity and Common Stock Purchase Warrants - continued

 

Noncontrolling Interest

 

The noncontrolling interest (“NCI”) included as a component of consolidated total stockholders’ equity for the periods indicated is as follows:

 

   Three Months     
   Ended   Year Ended 
   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
NCI - equity (deficit) - beginning of period  $(161,512)  $ 
Investment in majority-owned subsidiary       1,812 
Net loss attributable to NCI   (168,751)   (204,072)
Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan - stock-based compensation   104,503    40,748 
NCI - equity (deficit) - end of period  $(225,760)  $(161,512)

 

The noncontrolling interest presented above is with respect to Lucid Diagnostics Inc., a majority-owned subsidiary of PAVmed Inc. Lucid Diagnostics Inc. was incorporated in the State of Delaware on May 8, 2018, and on May 12, 2018, under separate share Subscription Agreements between Lucid Diagnostics Inc. and each of the respective common stock purchasers. Lucid Diagnostics Inc. issued a total of 10.0 million shares of its common stock for a purchase price of $0.001 per share, including - the issue of 8,187,499 shares to PAVmed Inc., 943,464 shares to Case Western Reserve University (“CWRU”), and 289,679 shares to each of the three individual physician inventors of the of the intellectual property and proprietary technologies underlying the CWRU License Agreement. See Note 7, Agreements Related to Acquired Intellectual Property Rights, for a discussion of the CWRU License Agreement.

 

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, there were 10.0 million shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. issued and outstanding, of which PAVmed Inc. holds a 81.875% majority-interest ownership and has a controlling financial interest, with the remaining 18.125% minority-interest ownership held by CWRU and each of the three physician inventors noted above. Accordingly, Lucid Diagnostics Inc. is a consolidated majority-owned subsidiary of the Company, for which a provision of a noncontrolling interest (NCI) is included as a separate component of consolidated stockholders’ equity, along with the recognition of a net loss attributable to the NCI.

 

The stock-based compensation expense recognized includes: $4,104 and $12,485 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, respectively, recognized by Lucid Diagnostics Inc. with respect to stock options granted under the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan to non-employees providing services to Lucid Diagnostics Inc., and $104,503 and $40,748 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, respectively, recognized by Lucid Diagnostics Inc. with respect to stock options granted under the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan to a PAVmed Inc employee and to non-employees providing services to Lucid Diagnostics Inc. - with each such stock based compensation expense classified in research and development expense. There was no such Lucid Diagnostics Inc. stock-based compensation expense recognized for the corresponding prior year period. See Note 10, Stock-Based Compensation, for further information with respect to the PAVmed Inc. 2014 Equity Plan, the Lucid Diagnostics Inc. 2018 Equity Plan, and the corresponding consolidated stock-based compensation expense recognized by the Company.

 

44
 

 

Note 15 —Loss Per Share

 

The “Net loss per share - attributable to PAVmed Inc. - basic and diluted” and “Net loss per share - attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders - basic and diluted” - for the respective periods indicated - is as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Numerator        
Net loss - as reported, before noncontrolling interest  $(3,703,613)  $(2,825,369)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   168,751     
Net loss - as reported, attributable to PAVmed Inc.   (3,534,862)   (2,825,369)
           
Convertible Preferred Stock dividends(1):          
Series B   (65,481)   (10,406)
Series A-1       (25,148)
Series A       (26,487)
           
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018-deemed dividend - incremental fair value - Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock       (726,531)
           
Series A and Series A-1 Exchange Offer - March 15, 2018 - Series B Convertible Preferred Stock issued-upon-exchange of Series A-1 Convertible Preferred Stock       199,241 
           
Net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders  $(3,600,343)  $(3,414,700)
           
Denominator          
Weighted-average common shares outstanding basic and diluted(2)   27,149,095    16,544,221 
           
Loss per share(3)          
Basic and diluted          
- Net loss - as reported, attributable to PAVmed Inc.  $(0.13)  $(0.17)
- Net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders  $(0.13)  $(0.21)

 

(1) The convertible preferred stock dividends are included in the calculation of basic and diluted net loss attributable to PAVmed Inc. common stockholders for each respective periods presented, including: with respect to the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, from March 16, 2018 to March 31, 2018, and with respect to each of the Series A-1 and Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, from January 1, 2018 to March 15, 2018. See Note 13, Preferred Stock, for a further discussion of the dividends for each of the respective series of convertible preferred stock.
   
(2) Basic weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period excludes common stock equivalent incremental shares, while diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding includes such incremental shares. Notwithstanding, as the Company was in a loss position for all periods presented, basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding are the same, as the inclusion of the incremental shares would be anti-dilutive.
   
(3) The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock has the right to receive common stock dividends. As such, the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock would potentially been considered participating securities under the two-class method of calculating net loss per share. However, the Company has incurred net losses to-date, and as the holders are not contractually obligated to share in the losses, there is no impact on the Company’s net loss per share calculation for the periods indicated.

 

45
 

 

Note 15 —Loss Per Share - continued

 

The following common stock equivalents have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive:

 

   March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Stock Options   5,077,140    3.007,032 
Unit purchase options - “UPO-Z” /&