|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2022
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
Note 11 — Debt
The Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) dated March 31, 2022, with an accredited institutional investor (“Investor”, “Lender”, and /or “Holder”), wherein, the Company agreed to sell, and the Investor agreed to purchase an aggregate of $50.0 million face value principal of debt - comprised of: an initial issuance of $27.5 million face value principal; and up to an additional $22.5 million of face value principal (upon the satisfaction of certain conditions). The debt is being issued in a registered direct offering under the Company’s effective shelf registration statement.
Under the SPA dated March 31, 2022, the Company issued a Senior Secured Convertible Note dated April 4, 2022, referred to herein as the “April 2022 Senior Convertible Note”, with such note having a $27.5 million face value principal, a 7.875% annual stated interest rate, a contractual conversion price of $5.00 per share of the Company’s common stock (subject to standard adjustments in the event of any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction), and a contractual maturity date of April 4, 2024. The April 2022 Senior Convertible Note may be converted into shares of common stock of the Company at the Holder’s election, as discussed below.
The April 2022 Senior Convertible Note proceeds were $25.0 million after deducting a $2.5 million lender fee; and additionally, the Company incurred total offering costs of approximately $601, inclusive of the payment of a total of $450 placement agent fees. The lender fee and offering costs were recognized as of the April 4, 2022 issue date as a current period expense in other income (expense) in the consolidated statement of operations.
During the period from April 4, 2022 to October 3, 2022, the Company is required to pay interest expense only (on the $27.5 million face value principal), at 7.875% per annum, computed on a 360 day year. The Company paid in cash interest expense of approximately $523 for the period April 4, 2022 to June 30, 2022; and approximately $181 subsequent to June 30, 2022 as of August 10, 2022.
Commencing October 4, 2022, and then on each of the successive first and tenth trading day of each month thereafter through to and including April 1, 2024 (each referred to as an “Installment Date”); and on the April 4, 2024 maturity date, the Company will be required to make a principal repayment of $724 together with accrued interest thereon, with such 38 payments referred to herein as the “Installment Amount”, settled in shares of common stock of the Company, subject to customary equity conditions, including minimum share price and volume thresholds, or at the election of the Company, in cash, in whole or in part.
In addition to the Installment Amount repayments, the Holder may elect to accelerate the conversion of future Installment Amount repayments, and interest thereon, subject to certain restrictions, as defined, utilizing the then current conversion price of the most recent Installment Date conversion price.
Subject to certain conditions being met or waived, from time to time, one or more additional closings may occur, for up to the remaining $22.5 million face value principal, upon five trading days’ notice given by the Company to the Investor. The Investor’s obligation to purchase the additional notes at each additional closing is subject to certain conditions set forth in the SPA dated March 31, 2022, including, among others, contractual closing requirements: minimum price and trading volume thresholds of the Company’s common stock; the maximum ratio of debt to market capitalization (as defined); and minimum market capitalization (as defined), with such requirements being waived by the Investor in its sole discretion.
Additionally, effective March 31, 2023, the Investor may by written notice elect to require the Company to issue additional notes of up to $22.5 million in face value principal, so long as in doing so it would not cause the ratio of (a) the outstanding principal amount of the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note (and any additional notes issued under the SPA dated March 31, 2022), accrued and unpaid interest thereon and accrued and unpaid late charges to (b) our average market capitalization over the prior ten trading days, to exceed 25%. If the Company does not issue the additional notes contemplated by any such written notice, or if the Investor is unable to deliver any such notice prior to March 31, 2024 as a result of the limitation described in the preceding sentence, then the Company will be obligated to pay up to a maximum of a $1.35 million a break-up fee.
Note 11 — Debt - continued
The payment of all amounts due and payable under the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note is guaranteed by the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries, except for Lucid Diagnostics Inc and its wholly-owned subsidiaries; and the obligations under the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note are secured by all of the assets of the Company and each guarantor, except only up to 9.99% of the shares of common stock of Lucid Diagnostics Inc. held by PAVmed Inc. are pledged to secure the indebtedness under the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note.
The Company is subject to certain customary affirmative and negative covenants regarding the rank of the notes, along with the incurrence of further indebtedness, the existence of liens, the repayment of indebtedness and the making of investments, the payment of cash in respect of dividends, distributions or redemptions, the transfer of assets, the maturity of other indebtedness, and transactions with affiliates, among other customary matters.
The Company is subject to financial covenants requiring: (i) a minimum of $8.0 million of available cash at all times; (ii) the ratio of (a) the outstanding principal amount of the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note, (and any additional notes issued under the SPA dated March 31, 2022), accrued and unpaid interest thereon and accrued and unpaid late charges to (b) the Company’s average market capitalization over the prior ten trading days, to not exceed 30% (the “Debt to Market Cap Ratio Test”); and (iii) the Company’s market capitalization to at no time be less than $75 million. (the “Market Cap Test” and, together with the Debt to Market Cap Ratio Test, the “Financial Tests”). The Company is currently in compliance with these financial covenants, although from time to time since the date of issuance of the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note through August 10, 2022 (including, in the case of the Debt to Market Cap Ratio Test, as of June 30, 2022), the Company was not in compliance with the Financial Tests. As of August 9, 2022, the Investor agreed to waive any such non-compliance during such aforementioned time periods, under each of the SPA dated March 31, 2022 and the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note.
In connection with the waiver dated August 9, 2022, the Company and the Investor also amended the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note to permit the Investor to convert up to $5.0 million of the face value principal of the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note at the then current conversion price as if the date of conversion were an Installment Date, i.e. a price per share of common stock equal to the lower of (i) the fixed conversion price then in effect (currently $5.00) and (ii) 82.5% of the average VWAP of the Company’s common stock for each of the two trading days with the lowest VWAP of the Company’s common stock during the ten consecutive trading day period ending and including the trading day immediately prior to the applicable conversion date, but in the case of clause (ii), not less than $ per share. As contemplated by such amendment, subsequent to June 30, 2022, on August 10, 2022, approximately $2,882 of principal repayments along with approximately $6 of interest expense thereon, were settled through the issuance of shares of common stock of the Company, with such shares having a fair value of approximately $5,462 (with such fair value measured as the respective conversion date quoted closing price of the common stock of the Company).
The fair value and face value principal of outstanding of the April 2022 Senior Convertible Note as of June 30, 2022 is as follows:
Summary of Outstanding Debt
The Company did not have convertible debt outstanding at December 31, 2021. During the six month period ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized debt extinguishment losses of approximately $3,715, in connection with repaying-in-full all remaining convertible notes outstanding at the time.
The April 2022 Senior Convertible Note is accounted for under the ASC 825-10-15-4 fair value option (“FVO”) election, wherein, the financial instrument is initially measured at its issue-date estimated fair value and subsequently remeasured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period date with the resulting fair value adjustment recognized as other income (expense) in the (unaudited) condensed consolidated statement of operations. In this regard, as provided for by ASC 825-10-50-30(b), the estimated fair value adjustment is presented as a single line item within other income (expense) in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. See Note 10, Financial Instruments Fair Value Measurements, for a further discussion of fair value assumptions.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef